Descriptive Epidemiology Essay Examples
The diabetes onset has no significance difference between the genders. The men and women are equally vulnerable to diabetes, and no one is analyzed to be suffering from this disease more than the other. On the contrary, some other factors denote the variation of catching diabetes among different individuals. The most important factor in the diabetes is the age. With the passage of age, the person becomes more prone to have diabetes the at an older age when the individual has lost the efficacy of his body functions and mechanisms. The prevalence of diabetes is elevated with the increase in age (Wild et al., 2004). Within the countries which are developing, the highest numbers of people who suffer from diabetes have age in between 45 to 64 years. However, under underdeveloped countries, the rates of diabetes among the persons vary according to their age. Consequently, in these countries the diabetes occurs at the age of 65 year or after this age. This remarks a great difference among the countries because they affect the onset of disease. Conversely, the analysis of these data illustrated that there is no difference between men and women and men tend to have slightly high ratio of diabetes than women. Subsequently, diabetes results in age below 60 years in men while in women it gets commenced after the woman cross the 65 years of the age. Despite an American study, all other researchers agree n the fact that men and women have an equal share in the disease (Allen & Palta, 1986).
Within the geographical location, the diabetes varies from one region to another. The most case of type 1 diabetes are observed in the Finland, and least is observed in china. The difference is very distinct since, the one in 100,000 people gets affected from diabetes in china than in the Finland where 40 individuals are found to be experiencing the disease of diabetes among 100,000 people (Karvonen et al., 1993). On the other hand, the diabetes type 2 prevails among Native Americans more than in another part of the world. The incidence of diabetes is elevating worldwide with the rate of 3%. Moreover, it is increasing more among the children, and younger age groups are getting more affected.
Diabetes prevalence within all age group around the world is calculated to be 2.8% in 2000 whereas, it is elevated to 4.4%. The total number of the individual person who suffers from diabetes was analyzed to be 171 million in 2000 which got raised to 366 million in present years. The population of the world in developing countries is getting increased which ultimately increases the prevalence of diabetes. The major prevalence of diabetes around the world is found to be increased in the proportion of the age group of people above the age of 65 years (Wild et al., 2004). In 2012, within the population of America, 29.1 million Americans were suffering from diabetes which accounted for 9.3 % of the total population. Approximately, in America, the children and adults who have type 1 diabetes are counted to be 1.25 million in 2012.
The prevalence of diabetes around the world is estimated according to the diagnosed cases while there are several people who go undiagnosed of this disease. Consequently, they are not marked in the epidemiology of diabetes prevalence.
Allen, C., & Palta, M. (1986). Incidence and differences in urban-rural seasonal variation of type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes in Wisconsin. Diabetologia, 29(9), 629-633. Retrieved from http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00869261#page-1 on 5th march 2015.
Karovonen, M., Tuomilehto, J., Libman, I. A review of the recent epidemiological data on the worldwide incidence of type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. World Health Organization DiaMond Group. Diabetologia, 1993. 36: 883-892. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8243865 on 5th march 2015.
Wild, S., Roglic, G., Green, A., Sicree, R., & King, H. (2004). Global prevalence of diabetes estimates for the year 2000 and projections for 2030. Diabetes care, 27(5), 1047-1053. Retrieved from http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/27/5/1047.short on 5th march 2015.