Basic Mechanisms Of Alcohol Addiction Article Review Sample
Alcoholism is exemplified by compulsive uses of alcohol and loss of control of alcohol intake. Negative emotional states such as enhanced anxiety and stress experienced during withdrawal of ethanol are the primary factors that elicit relapse and binge drinking during abstinence periods. Anxiety in human alcoholics persists for up to 9 months (Funk and Koob). The article relates to the general article by the dependence feature of alcohol.
Factors that elicit relapse and binge drinking during periods of abstinence from alcohol (Funk and Koob).
Dependent variables include Male Wister rats. A sporadic ethanol vapor exposure pattern was used to measure them. After a 2 hour of withdrawal from ethanol vapors, ethanol and water self-administration were measured after the administration of urocortin 3 in the CeA (Funk, O'Dell, and Crawford).
The independent variables are the Male Wister rats that received exposure to a sporadic ethanol vapor exposure pattern except they were just exposed to air. After a 2-hour departure from ethanol haze, ethanol and water self-administration were calculated after the administration of urocortin three within the CeA (Funk, O'Dell, and Crawford).
The controlled variables included the Male Wister rats in the vapor chambers (Funk and Koob).
selection of animals for the study – preparation of ethanol for oral self-administration- establishment of ethanol self-administration in standard operant chambers housed in sound-attenuated ventilated cubicles – exposure to ethanol vapor – intracerebral cannulations and drug infusions – histology – statistical analysis (Funk and Koob).
Article1 has materials and methods section just after the introduction (Funk, O'Dell, and Crawford) while article two has the results section after the introduction (Funk and Koob). The result section in article one comes after the materials and methods section. Article 1 employs numerous images and graphs (Funk, O'Dell, and Crawford) compared to article two (Funk and Koob). In article one, the discussion is the last part just before the references (Funk, O'Dell, and Crawford) while in the second article, experimental procedures are the last part of the references (Funk and Koob). I think the pieces are different because each focuses on different range of measurements.
Funk, Cindy K. and George F. Koob. "A CRF agonist administered into the central nucleus ofthe amygdala decreases ethanol self-administration in ethanol-dependent rats." ELSEVIER (2007): 173-178.
Funk, Cindy K., et al. "Corticotropin-Releasing Factor within the Central Nucleus ofthe Amygdala Mediates Enhanced Ethanol Self-Administration in Withdrawn, Ethanol- Dependent Rats." The Journal of Neuroscience (2006): 11324-11332.
Rockoff, Jonathan. "A Pill to Cure Addiction? New medicines are being tested to help peopl quit." WSJ 23 December 2013: 1-3.