Free Essay About Better Screen Out Than Screen In
Type of paper: Essay
Tapping expertise of psychologists has been an increasingly routine practice in many law enforcement agencies country wide. As part of hiring new police officers, performing a psychology test is becoming one essential last step towards candidate final placement or exclusion. Two major strategies emerge for performing psychology evaluations of candidates for law enforcement agencies: screening out and screening in. By "screening out" is meant excluding candidates based on undesired traits in a law enforcement officer. Conversely, "screening in" refers to a process by which candidates join a law enforcement agency based on pre-specified traits to fulfill job requirements. The argument here supports screening out against screening in.
Indeed, given a very broad range of traits and personalities which may qualify a candidate for a law enforcement agency, better to focus more on undesired traits and personalities. This may be justified by a police officer's daily duties which require a lot of skills and personal traits and which can hardly be exhaustible in a psychological screening test. That is, packing a psychological screening test with all required and/or desired traits would be almost a futile effort in deciding whether a candidate is suitable for a career in a law enforcement agency or not. Therefore, better to focus on undesired traits which run, essentially, against widely accepted traits in a law enforcement officer such as general intelligence, integrity, dependability, ability to handle stress and sound judgment – rather than examining each and every candidate – which could be a very expensive and lengthy process – based on almost unlimited set of traits. And since almost everyone can qualify as a law enforcement officer – given a very broad range of personality traits – so any recruitment process for law enforcement officers based on a psychological evaluation becomes more realistic by screening out than by screening in. Interestingly, moreover, screening out strategy is consistent with statistical sampling methodologies by which a rule-out criterion is applied to huge data pools.