Free The War Of Jenkins’ Ear (1739 To 1748) Essay Sample
Spain and Great Britain had been fighting for supremacy for over two centuries in the Caribbean. The War of Jenkins’ Ear occurred from 1739 to 1748 and it pitted Great Britain against Spain (Ferguson 29). In 1738, a merchant ship captain from Britain named Robert Jenkins came to England’s House of Commons presenting to them what he alleged to be his ear, cut off by a captain from Spain. As a result, the claim led Britain to wage against the Spanish since the Great Britain and Spain had argued for a long time over various seizures (Ferguson 30). Eventually, the Jenkins’ Ear War combined with the European battle over the succession of Austria. Consequently, the Jenkins’ Ear War was about Spain and Great Britain’s supremacy over the Caribbean; hence, Thomas Carlyle devised the rare name of the war in 1858. Finally, the war ended in 1748, after a peace agreement that came with the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (Ferguson 31).
Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1948)
On 18th October 1748, the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle was signed. The treaty brought to an end the Austrian Succession War (1740 to 1748). The war was also known as King George’s War (1740 to 1748) in Britain’s colonies in North America (Ferguson 36). Equally, the signatories included; France, Great Britain, Sardinia, Genoa, Modena, Spain, Prussia, the Habsburg Empire, and Netherlands (Ferguson 40). In addition, the treaty essentially returned the world’s state of affairs to the 1744 status quo. Equally, France regained the stronghold of Louisburg on the Island of Cape Breton, Nova Scotia and Prussia retaining the former Silesia Austrian province. As a result, the colonies of New England could not achieve their goal of 1745 by capturing the fortress of the British Empire (Ferguson 48).
Ferguson, James. A Traveller's History of the Caribbean. Northampton, Mass: Interlink, 2008. Print.