Good Example Of Report On Apparatus And Procedures
Type of paper: Report
Topic: Internet, Stream, Pump, Curve, Meter, Performance, Water, Information
Pump performance curve refers to the relationship between a pipe, the flow of the liquid and efficiency levels. This paper shows the procedure of calculating a pump performance curve. It talks about how it is important to have the right type of pump for the experiment. Centrifugal pump is the most common type because of its numerous advantages, for example, it is cheap and occupies a small space. Furthermore, it does not emit any noise when in operation and it is simple to use. The paper also talks about model development of the efficiency and the process of calculating the pump performance curve. It entails a detailed procedure of data collection before calculating pump performance curve. The main purpose of this paper was to show the varying results of a centrifugal pump performance curve using different levels of flow rates and pressure. Various procedures are repeated many times to produce the different results.
The framework that was utilized to test the model and to gather information can be seen in Figure 1. A 100-gallon tank was topped up partly with water, which was linked with PVC pipe and additionally a radiating pump. The pump pulled water from the 100-gallon tank, where the water was then pumped through diverse segments of the funnel relying upon the estimation that were being taken. Falling off the engine of the pump was a power meter. Two pressure meters were in line, one upstream and the other downstream. Furthermore, there were two stream meters, one of them was a metal stream meter, and the other was an acrylic stream meter. Three valves were utilized to control the heading of stream, two ball valves, and one gate valve. Likewise, a metal bucket was utilized to gather water, and additionally a scale to gauge the mass of the water.
Before data accumulation, the accompanying steps were taken:
• The heaviness of the bucket was taken.
• The pump and the force meter were connected.
The steps taken for data accumulation were as per the following:
1. From the time that the valve over the basin in Figure 1 was opened, a stopwatch measured the time.
2. The stream rate as indicated by the metal stream meter and the acrylic stream meter was gathered.
3. The valve was closed, to stop water stream; the stopwatch was ceased also.
4. The water-filled container was then weighed on the scale.
5. Steps 1-4 were rehashed different times to minimize mistake.
1. The door valve was opened somewhat permitting water to stream to the pump back around to the tank (the stream course could be seen in Figure 1 and was represented by the red bolts.
2. Pressure meter valves were gathered and the stream rate. The measure of electricity utilized by the pump was likewise recorded from the wattmeter.
3. The door valve was opened slightly, to build the stream rate by 1-2 gpm.
4. Steps 1-3 were rehashed until the maximum stream rate of the stream meter was arrived at.
1. The valve above the pump was opened, and immediately a clock was started.
2. The water was channeled into the unfilled container utilizing the hose.
3. The figure on the power meter was recorded.
4. The valve was shut, and the clock was halted
5. The pail was then weighed on the scale.
6. Steps 1-5 were rehashed various times.
7. At the point when the water reached at a level underneath the suction of the pump, more water was channeled into the tank
Prior to calculating the pump performance curve, it was essential to figure out which Rota meter information ought to be utilized. Along these lines, error analysis was carried out on both stream meters as seen in Table 1. The outcomes were in favor of the acrylic stream meter. The metal Rota meter was exceptionally hard to read, which could have added to its significant error.
After choosing which Rota meter information to utilize, a pump performance curve was created in light of an 80% proficient engine. The aggregate head diminished as stream rate increased as indicated in Figure 1. To depict this conduct, a presentation of the Darcy-Weisbach mathematical statement was required. This comparison decided the pressure loss because of friction through a channel. There are numerous forms of this mathematical statement. The head less structure (Equation 1) was utilized since pressure was to be presented in total head.
The Darcy-Weisbach equation is a function of speed. As stream rate increased, head loss expanded, which clarified the diminishing way of total head curve. The second significant part of the pump performance curve was efficiency.
The proficiency curve had a characterized maximum productivity of 37% as shown in Figure 1. This rate appeared to be low for a maximum. The water was compelled to stream at a high speed through a framework that comprised of narrow funnels, valves, and fittings. These framework segments added to vitality loss because of grinding, which brought on the proficiency to decrease. Furthermore, the stream was turbulent, and it began with a Reynolds number of around 15,000 and wound up at around 100,000. It was evident that the stream was substantially less turbulent at low stream rates and appeared sensible. Truth be told, as the stream rate expanded, and the stream got to be more turbulent, the pump's effectiveness expanded, which connoted that the stream was not very chaotic for the pump to convey productively. On the other hand, in the wake of arriving at Reynolds number of around 80,000, the stream got to be excessively turbulent for the pump to convey effectively. This was the purpose behind the steady diminishing in effectiveness after reaching at the greatest of 37%.
In addition to gathering information to create a pump performance curve, three trials were run to find the highest stream rate. These tests delivered a normal maximum stream rate of around 61 gpm, which corresponds to a proficiency of 47%. This information point was plotted back to the pump performance curve as seen in Figure 2. This increase in efficiency is because the resistance to the flow is reduced considerably. This decrease in resistance was because the flow happened through less pipes, fittings and, valve. By eliminating those friction contributors, effectiveness was increased by more than 10%.
This study examined the test results for developing a pump performance curve. Utilizing a wide scope of stream rates and the comparing pressure drops, a pump performance curve bend was produced. This bend comprises of two y-axes of aggregate head and effectiveness both as capacities of limit.
The primary discoveries of the examination were:
• There was pressure loss because of the flow through this framework. Pressure loss increased as stream rate increased.
• The highest efficiency connected with the flow through this is the framework was 37% at a stream rate of 25.6 gpm.
• The highest stream rate recorded was 61 gpm, which was arrived at by avoiding flow through this framework.
In addition, the accompanying recommendations are for future investigations that aim to have results that are more correct:
• A larger compartment ought to be utilized when gathering information to get the highest stream rate. The vessel that was utilized was filled excessively to accumulate information.
• The scale ought to be adjusted effectively to read around 0.4 lbs with nothing on it.