The weight of popular opinion suggests that women typically receive less harsh sentences than men, even when committing the same crime. Although it is acknowledged that males are more likely to commit certain crimes than females (e.g. burglary), and that overall there are (numerically) many more male offenders than female, nonetheless there appears to be a gender-related disparity in punishments meted out to females versus males, even when the crimes committed are nominally the same for both sexes. This paper examines and reviews the evidence in published literature, to assess and determine the validity of that view.
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