What Are the Steps in Writing an Argumentative Essay?

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19 May 2020

If you aim to write an outstanding argumentative paper, it is not enough just to take a look at the essay samples. You need to clearly understand the structure and rules of writing such a paper. Read through the article to learn more about how to write an effective argumentative essay.

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how to write an argumentative essay


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Tips for Writing an Argumentative Essay

It doesn't matter if you write an AP lang argumentative essay, a middle school paper or a serious research essay for college, you need to spend some time preparing for writing.

A standard argumentative synthesis essay has a specific format adhering strictly to which will help you make your work effective. So let's take a step-by-step look at the scheme of writing an argumentative paper.

How to Write an Argumentative Essay Outline

A well thought out outline will come in useful when you start writing the paper. The outline will help you not to get lost in your thoughts and make the essay text more smooth and logical.

Here's what a sample outline for an argumentative essay might look like:

  • Introduction
  • The main idea
  • A hook
  • Purpose of the essay (thesis statement)
  • Main part
  • 1 supporting paragraph
  • 2 supporting paragraph
  • 3 paragraph with the opposite opinion
  • Conclusion

Of course, depending on the topic and purpose of your essay, this outline may change. For example, you can use more paragraphs with counterarguments. The main thing is to make a clear plan that you can follow while writing an essay.

How to Write an Introduction to an Argumentative Essay

It all starts with an introduction paragraph. In fact, a good introduction will take some time and effort from you, because it's up to the first paragraph to grab the attention of the audience. The introduction should be short so that there is room for discussion in the main part of the paper.

Place a catch-phrase first. Then go from general to particular facts and formulate the main idea. Let us dwell a bit on the essential parts of the introduction.

How to Write a Hook for an Argumentative Essay

You need a good hook to catch the reader's attention. This is usually the first sentence that encourages readers to continue reading your essay.

Find out some unique facts concerning your topic and write a topic sentence to make readers get interested. It may be some kind of statistics data, a hint at the general message of the essay, or what the result of the research might be, metaphor, or quote.

How to Write a Thesis for an Argumentative Essay

An argumentative essay requires you to write a claim, otherwise called a thesis statement. It should clearly express your main idea, the position regarding the topic, and the main points that you're going to argue in your essay. Keep in mind that a good thesis statement must be well formulated, reasonable, and debatable.

Usually, the thesis doesn't exceed 1-2 sentences, but if you write a long comprehensive paper, it may be extended.

How to Write a Body Paragraph for an Argumentative Essay

An argumentative essay, based on logically constructed facts, seeks to convince the reader to agree with some opinion, perform some action, or do both. You should achieve this goal through rational influence, based on immutable truths, opinions of authorities, primary sources of information, statistical data, etc.

Highlight the positive and negative sides of the problem under discussion, think of reasonable arguments in support of both points of view. Not only must you express your point of view, but also provide the opposite opinion. In one of the paragraphs, you can explain why you disagree with a different point of view.

Each paragraph begins with a topic sentence. It should provide new kinds of evidence for your argument: statistics data, proved facts, expert quotes, etc.

Try to maintain a balance between paragraphs. Use linked words to help the reader follow the logic of reasoning.

How to Write a Conclusion for An Argumentative Essay

In the conclusion paragraph, you should generalize all the arguments that you provide in the main part. A good conclusion should finally convince the reader that your main idea is the best option. Do not give new information in the final section. You can finish your essay with a rhetorical question or a phrase that gives pause for thought.

Now you know how to write an argumentative paper and can get to work.

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