How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay Step by Step

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15 May 2020

If your professor or school teacher asked you to write a cause and effect paper, you may sigh with relief. This is one of the simplest academic papers that you are expected to write during your career as a student.

If you want to know how to write good cause and effect essays, read this article – you’ll find many useful tips in it.

how to write a cause and effect essay

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What Is a Cause and Effect Essay?

Of course, it all starts with the correct definition. A cause and effect paper is a piece of writing, the purpose of which is to study the object and its causes and effects – in fact, it all comes from the name.

Let’s make things easier. For instance, you take a topic of climate change. In this case, you are free to talk about the potential causes of climate change (development of harmful industries, ozone depletion, some natural processes, etc.) as well as about the effects of this phenomenon (melting glaciers, changes in flora and fauna, etc.).


Apt Cause and Effect Essay Outline

When you have a template, writing a paper becomes much easier. Don’t start your essay without an outline. To write an impressive work, you need to collect all the strong ideas and best examples on the topic in one place. Then, use the selected points to create a plan which will help make the entire paper logically structured and accurate.

The answer to the question of how to write an essay outline depends on the recommendations of your tutor. However, the standard requirement is a 5-paragraph paper, in which each paragraph expresses a certain idea that confirms your thesis statement and supports it with your arguments. Make a mini-plan for each of these points.


Cause and Effect Essay Structure

Let’s take a closer look at the possible structure of the cause and effect essay:

  • Introduction (develop your essay thesis, which will reflect the central idea)
  • Paragraph I (specify 2-3 potential causes)
  • Paragraph II (specify 2-3 potential effects)
  • Paragraph III (point out potential changes)
  • Conclusion (briefly summarize all that is stated in the essay)

If you clearly adhere to this paper format, you won’t have problems writing it.

If you did not have specific recommendations, you may not adhere to such a structure and write a free-form paper. However, don’t forget about the logical order of your essay.


How to Start a Cause and Effect Essay

Where does a good essay begin? With an interesting topic, of course. So your first step is to choose a topic that inspires you, preferably in the area in which you are well versed.

Make a short list of possible topics, from which you then would choose one that is most suitable. As we’ve said, the best issue is the one about which you already know something – this will save you a lot of time on research.


Writing A Cause and Effect Essay

Chose a topic? Then it’s time for brainstorming. Think about what you’ll focus on in your essay, what causes and effects you can indicate, write down all the possible options, and use your ideas to create an outline.

When you come up with your own ideas, it’s time to do research. Choose reliable sources only (e.g., scientific articles, not blogs).

When you have gathered enough information for an essay, you need to come up with a thesis. Ask yourself a question: “Why do I care about the issue?”. The answer to the question will be your thesis. The thesis statement is a kind of bridge that will lead your readers to the central idea of your essay.

To structure all available information on the topic – all that you found in the sources and your own ideas – write a draft. To some, this may seem like a waste of time. However, the draft will allow you to see the flaws and errors, if any, and polish your paper.


Cause and Effect Essay Example Topics

If you have no idea what to write an essay about, check out these sample topics. Our universal examples can be your starting point:

  • The spread of fast-food restaurants
  • Social networks and their impact on people’s communication
  • Violent video games and children's behavior
  • The problem of poverty in our country
  • The problem of bullying in school

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