How Do Antibiotics affect Bacterial Protein Synthesis
Antibiotics are medicines that inhibit the growth of microorganisms. Many clinically useful antibiotics exert their antimicrobial influence by blocking protein synthesis on the bacterial ribosome. The ribosome is nature’s most ancient enzyme, carrying out the essential function of manufacture of new proteins in all living cells. Ribosomes in many organisms are alike in structure. The ribosomes have a complex system made of interdependent components that require a particular arrangement to function. Loss of function could result from disruption of the arrangement of component parts (Poehlsgaard & Douthwaite, 2005).
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