Breast Cancer Reports Examples
Breast cancer remains a considerable threat not only to women vulnerable to it but also men who are directly and indirectly affected by the same. Research findings show that breast cancer is the most invasive type of cancer in women worldwide. Breast cancer accounts 18.2% of the total deaths worldwide caused by cancer (DeSantis et al., 2014). To ascertain the extent of obliteration caused by cancer particularly to females, it is worth noting the fact that breast cancer accounts for 16.2 % of all the female cancers (DeSantis et al., 2014). Owing the threat and the destructions caused by this type of cancer, this paper will define breast cancer, describe the populations affected by the same. It will additionally discuss the previous interventions addressed to intervene this health challenge, and finally present evidence-based strategies recommended for interventions.
Definition of Breast Cancer
Description of Affected Population(S)
The rates of breast cancer differ across different groups of people. Apparently, research findings done with breast cancer being the subject attests that rates of this disease vary between men and women, and also among people of different culture and age. In U.S, for instance, an estimated 1 out of 8 women are likely to develop invasive cancer in the course of their lifespan (Early Breast Cancer Trialists’ Collaborative Group, 2014). Apparently, breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in all women globally. Based on statistical evidence, this type of cancer accounts for 12% of cancer cases across the globe and 25% of all cancer worldwide (DeSantis et al., 2014). Breast cancer incidence rates vary greatly across different regions. In Eastern Africa, cancer incidence rates stands at 19.3 per 100, 000 women while incidence rates stand at 89.7 per 100, 000 women in Western Europe (DeSantis et al., et al., 2014). In most developing countries particularly Africa, incidence rates are perceived to stand at the rate of below 40 per 100,000. In the same note, the rates of survival vary across countries. In most developed countries that include Japan, North America, and Sweden, the survival rate is 80%, middle-income countries have a survival rate of 60%, while the low-income countries have a survival rate of 40% or even less (DeSantis et al., et al., 2014).
Being a considerable threat worldwide, interventions are key towards handling the aftermath effects of breast cancer. In the recent past, a number of interventions have since been adopted. Mammography screening is one among many interventions that held with high regards, mammography screening programs have since been implemented in many countries particularly the developed countries. Additionally, community-based programs that seek to enlighten women on how to desist from activities likely to cause cancer have since been implemented. Apparently, nations that perceive cancer as a threat have since adopted strategies and interventions meant to foster awareness building and behavior modification as a way of maintaining the prevalence of cancer.
Evidence-Based Strategies Recommended For Intervention
Through research works, evidence-based strategies for preventing breast cancer have since been established. Early diagnosis allows the patients and the physicians to detect the cancer at the curative stages. The second strategy is mammography screening. Evidence show that mammography screening reduces breast cancer mortality by 20% (DeSantis et al., et al., 2014). Lastly Breast self-examination (BSE) is effective in the sense that one can detect the cancer at early stages.
In a nutshell, it is imperative to make apparent the fact that the prevalence of cancer differs across countries. Additionally, survival rates vary across countries depending on the level of development in regards to health and the aggregate developments. To prevent breast cancer, early diagnosis, mammography screening and Breast self-examination (BSE) is essential.
DeSantis, C., Ma, J., Bryan, L., & Jemal, A. (2014). Breast cancer statistics, 2013. CA: a cancer
Early Breast Cancer Trialists' Collaborative Group. (2014). Postmastectomy radiotherapy in
Patients with breast cancer–Authors' reply. The Lancet, 384(9957), 1846-1847.
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