Example Of Book Review On The Social Welfare System
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Jonathan Kozol’s Rachel and her Children is a critical understanding of the contemporary social, economic landscape of the social welfare system. The story accounts for the situation of homeless families in America demonstrating a foundational tour de force of the interplay between the late capitalism's victims as well as the emblematic martyrs of the crisis social phenomenon. The outcast poor live in abject poverty shaping the trajectory of economic violence. From the perspective of today’s major transitional trends in the economy, this paper explores the question of whether the primary service system (state welfare system) that serves the poor has changed. Towards this understanding, the discussion will address the extent to which the perception of the homeless changed in view of the structural and financial shifts in the society and used the present state welfare service system to capture an emerging professional position.
The extent to which the primary service has changed is established in Rachel and her Children through a statistical analysis of the social problem of homelessness in the US. Kozol demonstrates that the plights facing the daily lives of the homeless people must be addressed by a welfare system. Rachel and her Children attempts to demolish the underlying culture of poverty that extensively undermines the myths on which the strategic influence of the welfare system alleviates the situation (Kozol, 1989). The discovery of the existing indictment with respect to the primary welfare system to deal with the homeless formulates the direction to which the change in the primary services is evidenced. According to Shlay and Rossi (1992), it is imperative to note that the homeless people can no longer secure an independent existence for themselves and their dependents because of the indifferent bureaucratic nature of the welfare system. Kozol, therefore, provides a solution within the simplistic spectrum by alluding to the structural inefficiency as the result of the homeless situation in America.
The social-economic impacts of the homelessness show an intractable problem in the society. A close analysis of the programs that address it from the lens of Rachel and her Children creates an understanding of the family dynamics that are applicable to cases of homelessness (Kozol, 1989). Shevin (1988) illustrates that the functioning government and other humanitarian agencies raises the gravity of the situation by instituting programs that provide necessary help to the homeless families living in tunnels, under the bridges and on streets. The story of Holy and her family is a clear manifestation of the initiatives that address homelessness from a humanitarian and welfare perspective.
The perception of the homeless changed in view of the structural and financial shifts in the society. According to Kryder-Coe, Salamon and Molnar (1991), the judgment, analysis and reporting of Kozol underlying the situation of homelessness in New York paints a picture of underclass interactionism. This implies the need to rethink about the social welfare dynamics that enhances the perception of underclass combining the existing poor and always poor families in a form of understanding of the life of homelessness. While the aim target of Kozol is hinged on the welfare system of New York’s hotels where a large number of homeless families are confined, Ferrari (2014) raises the belief that the squalid conditions are enhanced by the existing bureaucratic rules. The cycle of poverty is continued through standardized welfare programs. This understanding is a perceived trajectory that constructs the force of fate in locking children and their parents in the situation of homelessness, as well as its bureaucracies.
The indifference and callous nature of welfare programs reflect the change in the perception of homeless to reflect the structural shift in the social welfare system. As Kozol concludes, such a scenario manifest a breakdown in the entire social spectrum as well as the bureaucratic mechanism that continues to disintegrate the family. Haskett, Perlman and Cowan (2013) share the belief of Kozol (1989) that the family unit and its fundamental role in social-economic stability is torn apart by the policy initiatives within the context of shared ordeals. With regard to this, Kozol realizes that policy solutions for the future are ignored. The compendium of rhetorical questions and statistics point to a considerable dependency theory that has been created by the welfare system.
The shortsightedness of the bureaucratic welfare system facilitates the continued existing of homeless thus promote measure to dehumanize human conditions. This approach demonstrates that the problems of homelessness in America is extensively an undiscovered challenge. Rachel and her Children captures the need to dispel the homeless narrative and formulate the paradigm through which the welfare system should rethink on the moralistic obligation for social equality. In so doing, the appalling systems of welfare will be reconstituted to address the question of social change through public and government initiatives (Shlay and Rossi, 1992). From the perspective of the financial and functional shift, it emerges that presently, the American society must place the high value on the social quality. The ability to address mean and lean measures towards homeless must make the entire society in being ready to cut back on programs that help the homeless and the poor.
The professional position is pegged on the ability of Kozol to systemize how the effect of social inequity, poverty and homelessness is perceived from the economic landscape. Comparative analysis point to the need to frame the efforts to social mobilization and demonstrate the sustainable measure of employment as opposed to complete welfare intervention. Kryder-Coe, Salamon and Molnar (1991) note that the attention of the public should be directed to the policy measure of including affected groups in participating in the sustainable solution. While this proposition makes a critical perspective against victim exclusion, the emergence of social value and equality demonstrates a radical tendency to depoliticize the issues of poverty and social, economic disadvantages.
Understanding the several factors that contribute to homeless is a reliable strategic influence to addressing the problem According to Haskett, Perlman and Cowan (2013), it is evident that formulating stronger family-wage job connection, personal income growth, availability and affordability of family support service and affordability of housing is the 21st framework for sustainable homelessness solution. Similarly, measures should focus on the deconcentration of urban poverty and initiative significant measures that reduce homelessness through a concise determination of housing needs, fostering community support for permanent housing for the housing and empowering the ability of the communities to end homelessness (Ferrari, 2014).
Ferrari, J (2014). Diversity within the Homeless Population: Implications for Intervention. New York: Routledge
Haskett, M., Perlman, S and Cowan, B (2013). Supporting Families Experiencing Homelessness: Current Practices and Future Directions: London: Bücher
Kozol, J (1989). Rachel and Her Children: Homeless Families in America. New YorK: Crown/Archetype
Kryder-Coe, J., Salamon, L and Molnar, J (1991). Homeless Children and Youth: A New American Dilemma: Social Welfare Policy Studies. New York: Transaction Publishers
Shevin, D (1988). Rachel and Her Children: Homeless Families in America by Jonathan Kozol. International Journal on World Peace. Vol. 5, No. 3 pp. 163-166
Shlay, A and Rossi, P (1992). Social Science Research and Contemporary Studies of Homelessness. Annual Review of Sociology. Vol. 18, pp. 129-160
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