Garvey’s Back To Africa Movement Essay Example

Type of paper: Essay

Topic: Movement, Economics, Africa, Democracy, Race, Politics, America, Culture

Pages: 2

Words: 550

Published: 2021/02/25

Garvey’s back to Africa movement focused on relocating Africans to Africa. This stand was in opposition to the ideologies of Claude McKay, W.E.B Dubois as well as Langston Hughes who believed in fighting for social economic equality in America. Based on the realities of racial discrimination, the state of affairs saw a large number of Africans fated as permanent minorities without the social capabilities to assimilate with the White Americans. The narrative of self-emancipation portrayed the goal of Black Nationalism making it possible for Africans to enjoy the autonomy of their rights in their ancestral land. The influence of Garvey formed the fundamental strength that informed the trajectory of migration of Africans to Africa thereby enhancing the quest for social quality.
The philosophy of the back to Africa movement was informed by the majority of Africans who existed on the lower end of the economic ladders. The effects of the great migration saw the southerners coming from the north. The philosophy of Marcus Garvey to was formed on the backdrop of the image that characterized the American Society paradox in the 1890s. In light of this, it is notable Garvey foresaw the possibility of Africans following their dream if economic freedom and political opportunity hence enhancing the perception that Africans must anxiously get out of America. The reflection of the Black movement centered the hopes of many Africans on the West African state of Liberia.
The Back to Africa movement enlarged upon the philosophy of Booker to Washington resulting in Garvey’s declaration that appealed to the African dream to be framed. The outcome of this movement reinforced the international revival measure that encouraged black to achieve their political and economic independence. Garvey believed in the genuineness of racial equality resulting from the ability of the blacks to ascend to heights of economic and political success, as well as the cultural progress. The firm commitment of Garvey to the ideals of equality was a pan-African reaction to the challenges of racial discrimination in the American society. Arguably, the context of intergroup hostility, peonage, lynching as well as the practice of disenfranchisement leveled against the blacks by the white majority was the solid conviction to enhance the belief of back to Africa movement. To Marcus Garvey, it is clear that blacks were not poor just because whites hated them. This reinforced the understanding of the disdainment of the white people and thus the need for a program that could make sense in restoring the dignity, racial pride and self-respect of the African race.
The back to Africa movement was an initiative that established the mechanism for cultural and economic achievement, sovereignty, and African-centered civilization. Garvey was guided by the ideology of political nationalism which could serve as the lever to broadening the mass organization of the African history and revitalize the vision of recapturing the magnificent of African wealth, achievement and political empire. The illustration of the message of revitalized Africanism was anchored on Harlem Renaissance to support the ideas of Claude Markey and others in evoking the cultural revitalization of the Africans. The message of Garvey inspired the minds of African scholars who embrace the call of economic liberations and racial solidarity. The Back to Africa Movement formulates a critical link in the struggle for justice, freedom, and equality. It is an organization of the black history to foster the beauty of African Ideals. Though the movement failed to represent the inherent objectives, it still represents a liberation trajectory from the economic, cultural and psychological slavery associated with racial inferiority.

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WePapers. (2021, February, 25) Garvey’s Back To Africa Movement Essay Example. Retrieved July 06, 2022, from
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"Garvey’s Back To Africa Movement Essay Example," Free Essay Examples -, 25-Feb-2021. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 06-Jul-2022].
Garvey’s Back To Africa Movement Essay Example. Free Essay Examples - Published Feb 25, 2021. Accessed July 06, 2022.

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