Good Example Of Essay On Three-Quarters Of Poor Children Live In Families With Working Parents.
According to the calculations of the Association of NYS Community Action Association, to meet the basic needs of a single mother with a child (housing, kindergartens, meals, transportation, etc..) an income should be $ 50 to $ 78,000 per year, depending on the area of residence. Whereas, the official poverty rate for mother with a child is just $ 15,450 (Nyscommunityaction.org). As you can see, the difference between FPL is woefully inadequate to normal living standard SSS.
In the US, another indicator of the material status of the population operates. It is called the Poverty Threshold. In contrast to the FPL, which is set by Ministry of Health, depending on the growth of the price index and is used for administrative purposes, Poverty Threshold calculated Census Bureau (Census Bureau) to a formula, it is the same for all geographic zones of the USA and is used solely for statistical purposes - to calculate the percentage population living in poverty in the context of age, gender, level of education, employment, race, number of children in the family, etc.
It is the half-century anniversary of President Johnson's program to combat poverty, it summarizes the positive and negative outcome. Analysts estimate that this "war" the state has spent half a century of nearly $ 15 trillion, which, in their opinion, significantly (from 26% to 15%) reduced the level of poverty among the population, including children - from 29% to 19 % in elderly people - from 47% to 15%.
Increased the average income of the poorest quarters of Americans, the infant mortality rate has fallen sharply.
Numerous of social programs were adopted in the era of Johnson and later - EITC, Welfare, HEAP, Food Stamps, CHIP, SSI, Head Start, Medicaid, WIC, housing subsidies, and dozens of other federal and state programs, allow to rise from poverty many American families. Short-term funds are provided by Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) for families which can not make ends meet through an Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) card. The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), allows households which are under a certain level of income receive monthly allotments for food (Sneed).
But complete victory over poverty is still too early to say: almost 50 million people (it is 15% of the population) live below the poverty line, including 13 million of children. One in twenty Americans (16 million.) is below the poverty line. About 50 million of Americans still do not have health insurance.
Over the half century greatly increased wealth inequality: income adjusted for inflation of 5% "top family" has grown by almost 60%, while the income "lower" 5% is only 3.5%.
Of particular concern is the current state of public child poverty. A few days ago, a report by the authoritative non-governmental organization Center for law and Social Policy (CLASP), which analyzed the latest data.
Every fifth child in the United States (22%) live in poverty, it is 3 million., or 4% more than in 2007, the last before the Great Recession. Poverty is widespread among children more often than adults. Children make up a quarter of the total population, but the third part - among all the poor.
A disproportionate share of children in need among racial minorities among blacks - 37.5%, Latinos - 33%.
Children who grow up in poverty, more likely to have poor health, worse in school, lag behind in development and it directly affects their adult life, upon receipt and retention of well-paid jobs
Among all children, the youngest are most likely to rise in poverty: in 2012, 24% of children under 6 years of age (nearly 6 million.) grew up in poor families, the proportion was even higher among children three-four years (Nccp.org).
Of course, many millions of children from third world countries or the former Soviet Union dreamed to live in such "Americans poverty." But every self-respecting country sets for itself acceptable criteria for a dignified life. Incidentally, research data organization CLASP, presented here, show a serious impediment of our country from the lives of children in many other industrialized countries.
Some states want to change laws especially it is actual when they pay attention to an individual case of abuse.
The main recipients of allowances for food are children: in 2013 they accounted for 47 percent of users SNAP. Additionally, 26 percent accounted for adults living with these children. The vast majority of the "Food Stamp Benefits" (91 percent) are issued to households with very low income (about 11 thousand dollars a year for a family of three).
Current budget US food stamp program costs about $ 80 billion a year. Now the authorities will reduce related costs by about five billion dollars. For low-income Americans, this means a reduction in benefits for products.
Recipients "Food Stamp" has already started to complain to journalists at the difficulties arising from them after reducing benefits. Thus, a resident of Tennessee Linda Blackburn, which has seven grandchildren, told the media that the reduction in payments on $ 30 a month for her is very noticeable, as it helped the whole family. In Texas Hyuzar Diana worried about whether she could arrange a dinner party on Thanksgiving Day, and then provide your family with food until the end of the month.
Meanwhile, not all Americans sympathized to those who use SNAP: some, for example, believe that the assistance from the state deserve veterans, the disabled, the elderly and single parents, but not single childless people of working age. The similar point of view, seems to be shared by lawmakers in several states: Kansas and Oklahoma, for example, have imposed restrictions for food benefits. According to the changes in the legislation, the inhabitants of these states under the age of 49 years are not burdened with dependents must work at least 20 hours a week, or attend professional courses to qualify for food stamps. About the same rules and intend to introduce in Ohio, as well as at the federal level (a project discussed in Congress).
In addition, as is often the case in the framework of budget allocation, sooner or later "on the ground" begins abuse. Although fraud "food stamp" is not so common, the potential savings for the budget in the event of termination of scams government auditors estimated at 222 million dollars a year.
Sneed, Tierney. 'States Take Aim At Social Welfare Programs - US News'. US News & World Report. N.p., 2015. Web. 14 Apr. 2015.
Nyscommunityaction.org,. 'Poverty Data | NYS Community Action'. N.p., 2015. Web.
Nccp.org,. 'NCCP | Promoting Young Children’S Health And Development'. N.p., 2015. Web. 14 Apr. 2015.
WSJ,. 'The States Can Better Do The Job Of Fighting Hunger'. N.p., 2015. Web. 14 Apr. 2015.