Good Example Of Throughout The Revolutionary Decades, Urban Populations All Over Europe And North America Rose Rapidly (Ellis, 2010). Thesis
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Industrialization after the Civil War
Industrialization after the Civil War
After the Civil War the intensified industrialization began which brought the new landmarks in the development of the United States. Industrial revolution was fruitful and affected the life of Americans in many areas including society, economy, and politics. Nevertheless, not all consequences of such intense industrialization were positive.
Major aspects of industrialization. Industrialization began the new era in manufacturing of goods. It was the time of transition from manual labour to mechanic production. Along with the new methods of production, new materials came into use. These factors increased the volumes of production and the quality of goods.
On one hand, industrialization brought better labour conditions, since hard manual labour was no longer required in manufacturing goods.
On the other hand, there were a lot of problems associated with industrial cities. For instance: urban slums, poor sanitary conditions, industrial pollution and smog, and many others (Temin, 1994).
The industrial village was born. It implied building of working communities linked to factories, where workers could live in dormitories near the factory, away from a new industrial city, instead of working in the feudal lords’ fields (Ellis, 2010).
Population groups affected by industrialization. Since industrialization required as many working hands as possible, the labour was no longer the burden of mostly black men. White men, women, and even children became involved into manufacturing. Nevertheless, as the population increased very significantly, unemployment was still a major problem.
The ways in which industrialization affected the life of the average working American. The industrial revolution was unstoppable at that moment, and industrial production reached enormous volumes, requiring even bigger cities as centers of production and consumption.
Despite the development of elaborate sewage systems and public health services, many issues of industrialization remained unsolved. Industrial cities required substantial labor resources, turning people into cogs of a giant machine that had to produce more and more goods (Danbom, 1979). Industrial cities were still filthy, polluted, and overcrowded.
The major consequences results from the major causes. Hence, industrialization brought better working conditions for workers, larger volumes of production, and sufficient improvement in quality and speed of the producible goods.
It also brought many technological innovations to humanity: the power of steam, the use of chemicals in production, gas lighting, railways, improvements in metallurgy and mining, and many other fascinating things.
However, not all the fruits of industrialization were positive. The increased production caused ecological problems and brought upon some ethical issues, such as child labour and decrease in employment.
Danbom, D. B. (1979). The resisted revolution: Urban America and the industrialization of agriculture, 1900-1930. Ames: Iowa State University Press.
Ellis, C. (2010). History of cities and city planning. Retrieved from http://www.art.net/~hopkins/Don/simcity/manual/history.html.
Temin, P. (1994). Industrialization in North America. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
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