Renewable Energy Reports Examples
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Electricity is an essential facet of every country’s growth and development. It is the pillar of a country’s development as it plays significant roles in the agricultural sector as well in the industrial sector during the production of goods and services. Nonetheless, most countries are struggling with acute power situations because of insufficient power plants in the national electrical grid systems and lack of renewable to support these plants during peak load. The way forward to the poor electricity situation in many countries is the integration of various renewable energy sources into the national electrical grid systems. The integration of renewable into the national electrical grid systems will help solve the epileptic power failures in most countries.
The incorporation of renewable energies in the state electrical grid systems has a number of advantages and disadvantages. Number one, it will help solve the epileptic power failures in most countries. Most countries experience power situations, for instance, generation problems, supply and marketing problems, and transition problems. However, when renewable systems are integrated in the national electrical grid systems, these problems will be solved. There are diverse and enormous renewable systems in the United States and the rest of the world (Grubb, 1991). Therefore, if these renewable systems are integrated into the national electrical grid system, they may help in supplying power to most parts of the nation and the power problems will be eliminated entirely.
In addition, the integration of renewable energy sources into the national electrical grid systems will help have clean and efficient energy. The lessening of greenhouse gas emissions is the primary benefit of integrating renewable energies into the national electricity grid system (Vincent and Yusuf, 2014). When there is clean energy, the problems of environmental concern caused by national energy system will be solved. The emission of greenhouse gases will be at reduced levels because of electricity will be generated from renewable energies. Moreover, since renewable energy will be integrated into the national electric grid system, there will be sufficient power because; they are many renewable energy sources worldwide (Hammons, 2008). Hence, it is evident that if renewable energy is integrated into the national electric grid systems. They will add a new and high-voltage to the current direct lines thus helping in the supply of sufficient and clean energy countrywide.
The incorporation of renewable energies into the national electrical grid systems has a number of disadvantages. First, according to Vincent and Yusuf, the use of renewable in the national electric system is going to endanger the grid reliability (Vincent and Yusuf, 2014). Most electric power grid systems must balance between consumption and productivity of electricity. Therefore, with the use of renewable energy sources, this will be hectic because these sources are unreliable, and they can lead to the failure of the system. Before integrating the renewable energies into the national electric grid systems, most governments should consider addressing the grid reliability and balancing issues.
Even though many countries are for the initiative of integrating renewable energy to the national electrical grid systems, they are facing a big problem of how to do it. For instance, Europe is facing a problem of how they will integrate the increasing amounts of intermittent power sources into the electricity grid. In addition, they face the challenge of integrating renewable energy sources such as wind solar and wind into the power grid and how they will run them (Most and Fichtner, 2010). The integration process is expensive because, a country should extend a network infrastructure that has intellectual systems and storage amenities, which will help in securing the process of integrating the renewable energy in the national electrical grid system. In addition, it will necessitate gigantic upgrades to the national electricity grid in order to make the integration process possible and most countries are not yet ready for these upgrades. As a result, even though the integration technology is available, there is a need for a substantial investment in order to make storage available and the process possible.
Another disadvantage of integrating renewable energy sources into the national electrical grid systems is that, renewable sources change the geological distribution of generation centre compared to the load centre. Therefore, it will be tough to generate these sources into the national electricity grid centre because of their geographical location and the location of the national electric grid systems. If they are integrated with the national electrical system, it means most of these electricity plants have to be moved geographically in order to enhance the supply of energy all round. According to Anees, most of the load and provision centers are very far from each other, and this will be a challenge to this technology (2012). Therefore, the most notable renewable energy sources which are solar and wind are harvested at different geographical locations which are neither close to the transmission centers nor to the demand centers making the technology challenging. Moreover, they will affect the operation of the transmission system because it will be a challenge transmitting power to urban congested areas as well as to the countryside.
Wind energy is the most considered source of renewable in the grid integration due to its availability. However, the main challenge for penetrating this source of energy to the grid is that wind energy is uncertain and unpredictable (Anees, 2012). The renewable energy sources vary depending on characteristics of the weather, and this makes them unpredictable (Grubb, 1991). In addition, wind turbines cannot sustain reactive power in the grid system, and this also brings a challenge to this technology because it is limited.
In conclusion, many countries are considering grid integration of renewable energy sources into the national electrical system. They are finding renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power to help solve electricity problems around the globe. However, the integration of renewable energy sources to the national electricity systems comes with its pros and cons, but the challenges are manageable. The profits of these skills are that, it will help solve power problems in most countries, and it will help reducing the emission of greenhouse gases from the other energy sources. On the other hand, the challenges facing grid integration of renewable resources to the national system are unreliability, the accommodation and storage of the renewable energy sources, and there is a difference in the geographical location of the load and the distribution center. Nonetheless, the government can work on developing advanced energy systems and technologies to make the integration of renewable energies into the national electrical grid systems possible. The use of the smart grid technology will make the integration possible in many countries, and it will profoundly help in the reduction of the emission of greenhouse gases.
Vincent, E.N. and Yusuf, S.D. (2014). Integrating Renewable Energy and Smart Grid Technology into the Nigerian Electricity Grid System. Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, 5, 220-238.
Grubb, M. (1991). The integration of renewable electricity sources, Energy Policy, 19(7), 670–688.
Most, D., Fichtner, W. (2010). Renewable energy sources in European energy supply and inter-actions with emission trading. Energy Policy, (38), 2898-2910.
Anees, A. S. (2012). Grid integration of renewable energy sources: Challenges, issues and possible solutions. In Power Electronics (IICPE), 2012 IEEE 5th India International Conference on (1-6). IEEE.
Hammons, T. J. (2008). Integrating renewable energy sources into European grids. International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, 30(8), 462–475.
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