Settlement And The Creation Of Culture Essay
Culture is a unique part of every society all over the world. Each country has its own culture, and some countries have different cultures within one country. These cultures have been created through the establishment of settlement. Settlement allows for the creation of culture by providing a permanent place for a society to live. A settlement acts as a home base for a community, where they can live and thrive in their daily lives.
The primal instincts of a society are to survive, meaning they as a people look for food and shelter. These are the main instincts that humans have and they must be filled before anything else. Once food and shelter are found and established, less important things can be created. This includes art, literature, and recreation. Creation of settlement allows societies to provide these things for their members. Agriculture provides a constant source of food for the people, while the permanent settlement provides constant shelter. Once these needs are filled, culture can take place.
Culture is what defines a society. It defines how one must act within a society, as well as the beliefs, ideologies and values of that society (Hruschka and Hadley 947). These are developed through the settlement that takes place over a period of time. Traditions are a big part of culture and traditions are developed over a long time. For example, the Ancient Egyptian culture practiced the tradition of mummifying their dead. This did not happen overnight, as the Egyptians developed the specific rituals and tools used for the process through trial and error. In addition, some Egyptian tribes did not use the same practices as they had figured out other techniques, such as the use of the chemical natron (Lucas 121). They had access to the tools and supplies needed to create this tradition and practice the process over and over until they got it right.
In the modern world, societies are based around culture and individuality. The permanent settlement of major cities has allowed this to happen by providing a place for opportunity for culture to be practiced.
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Hruschka, D. J. and Hadley, C. “A Glossary of Culture in Epidemiology.” Journal of
Epidemiology and Community Health 62.11 (2008): 947-951. Web.