Free Essay About Organ Donation In The US
The question of the organ donation is highly disputable in every country around the world. Some people connect it only with “altruistic” motives when others believe that it can be transformed into mutually beneficial exchange. The fact is that the US faces shortage of organs for transplantation and it needs some researches and investigations to be done to solve this problem effectively.
During very short period of time some organs of a deceased person is considered to be perfect for transferring to another body. Thus a person who died makes one life possible. The main issue of the organ donation process is getting consent from a person now living to transplant his or her organs after brain death. Some people explicitly designate their desire to become organ donor after death otherwise this may be done after receiving permission from the family. However, if a person explicitly refused to donate his or her organs, any act regarding this process after his or her death would be considered illegal.
But what if a person who died had given the permission while his or her family refused organ donation? The law states that the desire of the deceased must be taken into account while in practice doctors do not want to perform operations and argue with grieving relatives. Thus it also brings about some ethical changes. That is why the issue of permission and legality of organ donation is of high importance.
Recently the authorities of some states in the US decided to stimulate organ donation by passing tax deductions and tax credits. Some people argued that the government's financial incentives to promote organ donation serve as means to coerce individuals into this. However, the results of these policies' impact on the increase of available organ supply remain unknown. It appears that there is no significant statistical effect of these tax policies on donation rates. This may have happened due to low awareness of such incentives or because funds given by the government do not cover all costs faced by donors.
After the first kidney transplantation made six decades ago it has been considered mostly as unpaid giving. Such idea was promoted by social and public organizations and it become noncommercial universal ethical aim. Thus it become prevailing global standard. This is why to treat organ donation as “market” with its own buyers and sellers may turn out to be unethical and controversial. Buying and selling organs may also bring up questions about rise of crimes and illegal transplantations because of the shadow market creation.