Free The Doctrine Of Fascism Essay Sample
Type of paper: Essay
Topic: Politics, Movement, Struggle, Conception, Government, Time, Theory, Belief
The text The Doctrine of Fascism describes the nature and the characteristics of the movement, which was the main political force in Italy in the time of Benito Mussolini. According to the article, the Fascism is a perfect, universal conception. It is not only an ideology or political regime. It is a philosophy, an evolution of thought. So it is not a typical regime. It is the most innovative and progressive state of mind. The conception is ethical, spiritual and religious at once. Fascism was developed to be active and engaging for people because life was considered to be struggle. The struggle seems natural in Fascism. Besides, it is characterized the leading role of the state. Fascism is anti-individualistic in its nature. The conception of the state is very important. No one can exist outside the state, much less have value. The state is viewed not only as the main source of law and institution establishment but also as the educating and spiritual source. Apart from many other doctrines of that time, Fascism supports the Catholicism and promotes it, because faith is important for understanding the movement. Fascists oppose themselves to socialists and Marxists, democrats, and liberalists. They do not accept the notions of class struggle and well-being importance praised by socialists. Fascists don’t believe in democratic political equalitarianism. Monarchy was not also valued by them because it valued one person more than the state. The movement appears because of the crisis of the previous theories and doctrines. The 19th century was the century of different political regimes and individualism. It ended with the World War I. According to Fascism, the War destroyed the democracy and Italy was in need of other political ideology.