Marx And His Arguments Article Reviews Examples
Why does Marx say – what is his argument for the claim that – none of the so-called rights of man, therefore go beyond egoistic man, beyond man as a member of civil society? (Address each of the rights Marx discusses: liberty, property, equality, security, for Marx, civil society means the economy, the sphere of economic interaction).
The phrase that was quoted in the question was from one of Karl Marx’s most popular work, On the Jewish Question. This particular work was not intended to be one that portrays the different circumstances how and why an individual’s rights, at least during the time that it was written, should be upheld, particularly that of Jews. Nonetheless, it can indeed serve as a great source of extracting Marx’s ideologies when it comes to rights of man and whether he thinks each man should have liberty, property, equality, and security, based on the argument of sphere of economic interaction that he was raising.
In this particular work of Marx, he said that upholding the rights of man is an important part of building a stable society because everyone basically needs a certain form and degree of protection from other people, be it for the sake of safety or ownership of a certain property . What can be inferred from this is that Marx has his own way of critiquing human rights. In general, for Marx, rights of man exists, just like other previously recognized declarations about it, because man knows that each of us need a certain degree of protection from each other, which is largely based on the ideas of liberalism, justice, and equality. This premise and Marx’s innate amusement of equality may also be considered as some of the reasons why Marx has been popularized as one of the major19th century proponents of Communism. For Marx, two equal men are less likely to stomp on the rights of each other and thus of other people compared to two unequal men.
Marx defined liberty as a factor that consists being able to do everything without inflicting harm on others. He said that liberty is the right to do everything that harms no one else; the limits within which anyone can act without harming someone else are defined by law, just as the boundary between two fields is determined by a boundary post.
Private property, for Marx, is not nor just something or anything that can be owned but rather an asset that can earn a profit for the owner which may include land ownership, share ownership, corporate shares, or in the case of a society where slavery is still considered legal, slave ownership. Security is also one of the rights of man he mentioned and he described it as a mechanism that society can use in order to ensure the preservation of a person’s rights and his properties. And lastly, equality, which has been described by Marx as nothing but a scenario wherein each man is to the same extent regarded as such a self-sufficient monad, or a condition supported by the Constitution of 1795 wherein the law is the same for all, whether it protects or punishes.
In summary, On the Jewish question can be considered as an outstanding facet of Marx’s ideologies about equality, justice, and the rights of man because it explains how his ideas are supported by past laws and constitutions, some details of which may still be applicable today.
Marx, K. "On The Jewish Question." Enyclopedia of Marxism (1844).
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