P1: Examining The Presentation Of Psychological Science In The News Media Essay Examples
The New York Timers in the year 2012 carried a story relating to the negative effects of standing in a line (Stone, 2012). Essentially, the idea that was being furthered in the editorial was the fact that waiting exhibit a certain level of torture to individuals. The management of Houston Airport received a number of complaints concerning the long hours they had to stand to claim their baggage in line. The management resolved the issue yet the customers continued their onslaught on the management. Standing in line for whatever reason has positive psychological effects (Stone, 2012). However, people have a tendency of overestimating the amount of time they spend while waiting in line. People fail to recognize the positive effects of being line while focussing on the amount of time.
The information presented in the news article has fundamental credibility just like the scholarly articles. The article sites a number psychologist who have given their input to researching the issue and the various outcomes that have been established.
P2: Identifying Concepts in Social Psychology
Synopsis A: Festinger & Carlsmith
The concept in social psychology depicted in the synopsis is cognitive dissonance. The concept refers to a situation where behaviors, conflicting attitudes, and beliefs are examined. Whenever there is dissonance, individuals tend to have a change of attitude and there behaviors or beliefs are interfered with to a greater extent. Restoring balance or harmony depends on the extent to which people can safeguard the inner social being on beliefs and attitudes. Change of attitude results in the disorientation of the elements that ensure harmony.
Synopsis B: Ostroff 1992
The concept in social psychology depicted in this synopsis has to do with the relationship that exists between attitudes, performance and satisfaction. Organizations' productivity is dependent on the extent to which employees can derive satisfaction from their jobs. A positive attitude suggests that an individual can derive satisfaction from a particular job effectively enhancing performance. A negative attitude towards a given duty results in the decline of performance effectively affecting productivity in the organization. The correlation between attitude and performance cannot be overemphasized yet deriving satisfaction a given job is important and of the essence. If an individual does not derive satisfaction a given job, then performance is negatively affected.
Synopsis C: Freedman and Fraser 1966
The concept in this context defines the subject of compliance and the various techniques to achieve it. Agreeing to start with a smaller encounter largely increases the chances of making more entry into a particular program. Essentially, the idea is that people normally find it difficult to refuse huge requests after having an encounter with the smaller ones. Foot in the door is a technique that explains the concept of compliance and states that consistency is an important tool in achieving compliance. As long as a particular request is consistent, it is possible to gain entry into the program in a large-scale fashion.
Synopsis D: Napoltan and Goethals
The behavior of an individual is an important factor in determining how they relate to other people. While instructions can sometimes play a critical role in shaping the behavior of other people, an individual's personality plays a critical role. Friendliness is a critical component is understanding the extent to which people interact. Despite the various social attributes, personality plays an important role in defining the relationship that individuals can have with other people based on the circumstances provided.
Stone, A. (2012). Why Waiting Is Torture. Sunday Review. New York Times. Retrieved From: < http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/19/opinion/sunday/why-waiting-in-line-is- torture.html?_r=0>