Report On The Four Major Laws Of Eeoc Comprise Of:
The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is an agency set up to put into effect laws that prohibit employment discrimination on the basis of an individual’s race, sex, religion, color, age, national origin, harassment, disability, etc. EEOC has offices in each state of United States. EEOC's aim is to keep a fair check of whether any of its laws have been violated or not. If an organization has fifteen or more employees who can be described as someone who has worked for the employer for at least twenty calendar weeks in this year or last year, then this organization is required to report to EEOC.
The Equal Pay Act of 1963 forbids wage discrimination between men and women performing equal jobs within the same organization. It is applicable to any business with atleast one employee on the payroll.
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 makes age discrimination illegal for individuals with ages of forty years or more. In particular, this act is applicable to firms with a minimum of twenty employees on the payroll.
The most surprising aspect of EEOC’s website is that it has mentioned that it has been particularly designed for small businesses that may be lacking a human resources department. It can be observed that the above mentioned laws are all focused on small businesses. According to Bharati, in U.S., businesses are considered to be small businesses if they have less than a hundred employees working in the organization (27). All such businesses are required to follow the laws set out by EEOC.
Small businesses are treated differently than the large businesses. This is because small businesses don’t have enough funds to appoint a human resource professional who has the knowledge of laws concerning employment discrimination at the workplace. These businesses have no one to assist them regarding these matters. In contrast, large businesses have highly competent human resource professionals. Large businesses provide these professionals with the required resources to keep themselves updated regarding the recent developments in laws.
Laws for small businesses are different than those for large businesses. This is because it is more likely that issues concerning discrimination might arise in small businesses as a result of the intricate nature of the relationship between the employers of the business and its workforce. Moreover, it would be incorrect to expect small businesses to have an absolute awareness of the complicated federal laws which keep updating time to time. Therefore simple laws are applicable on small businesses.
Bharati, Pratyush, In Lee, and Abhijit Chaudhury. "Leveraging University Research to Assist SMEs." Global Perspectives on Small and Medium Enterprises and Strategic Information Systems. USA: IGI Global, 2010. 27. Print.
"Laws Enforced by EEOC." Laws Enforced by EEOC. n.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2015. <http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/statutes/index.cfm>.