So, The Formula I Will Be Using Is: Research Paper Example
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According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2015), body mass index (BMI) is a numerical value obtained by anthropometric measurements of an individual. It basically reflects the quantity of adipose tissue present in an individual on an approximate basis. It is an alternative method to estimate the body fat content and categorizing the weight leading to various health risks. Australian Heart Foundation (n.d) defines BMI as a tool that gives an idea whether an individual is underweight, overweight or ideal weight for height which ultimately assists in estimating health risks associated with different weight categories.
BMI calculation is based on the height and weight of an individual. My height is 165 centimetres and my weight is 68 kilos. For its calculation, there are two different set of units used for its calculation; one is kilogram and metres/centimetres and the other one is pounds and inches.
Weight (kg) ÷ [height (metres)]2 .
165 centimetres = 1.65 metres.
Now, replacing the values in the given formula, we get,
68 ÷ (1.65)2
(1.65)2 = 1.65 x 1.65 = 2.7225
68 ÷ 2.7225 = 24.9
So my BMI is 24.9
According to World Health Organization (WHO) (2004), there are 4 different categories of weight based on the BMI. They are:
Based on these guidelines, my BMI falls in normal weight category.
According to National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (n.d), a healthy plan should be followed in individuals who have normal BMI or borderline BMI. The healthy diet plan provides the daily recommended nutrients required every day by the body within the calorie goal to maintain or lose weight. It essentially decreases risk for developing cardiovascular disorders and other related co-morbids. A healthy dieting plan should mainly be constituted of vegetables, whole grains, high fiber fruits, fat free or reduced fat dairy products, non-fatty meat, poultry, fish, eggs, beans and nuts. The diet should be devoid of saturated or trans fatty acids, sodium and added sugars. A healthy eating plan must control portion sizes.
Food and calories taken are referred to as energy IN and physical activity or exercise which birn those calories are referred to as energy OUT. In order to lose weight or maintain healthy weight energy IN should be less than the energy out or equal, respectively. Generally, eating plans providing 1200 to 1500 calories per day are noted to assist women maintain their weight safely. Similarly, diet containing 1500 to 1800 calories per day are suitable for men and women who weigh more or performs physical exercise on regular basis.
The United States Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion’s Dietary Guidelines for Americans (2000) states that diet should be taken in portion sizes and provided a food pyramid to ascertain sensible sizes and number of servings or various food groups.
Source: The United States Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion’s Dietary Guidelines for Americans
The guidelines also mentioned that an activity requiring as much energy as required for walking 2 miles in half hour is called as moderate physical activity. The aim should be to maintain 30 minutes for most days of the week should be made. It can be increases and the health benefits are also multiplied. Few examples are walk, wheel or bike ride, walking up the stairs, walking home from the stop, mowing the lawn manually, raking the leaves, gardening, pushing a stroller, house cleaning, pedalling a still bike while watching television, brisk walking for ten minutes at lunch or after dinner.
About BMI for Adults. (2015, February 23). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Retrieved April 11, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/adult_bmi/
Aim for a Healthy Weight. (n.d.). National Institutes of Health (NIH). Retrieved April 11, 2015, from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/educational/lose_wt/physical.htm
BMI Calculator. (n.d.). Australian Heart Foundation Retrieved April 11, 2015, from http://www.heartfoundation.org.au/healthy-eating/Pages/bmi-calculator.aspx
Dietary Guidelines: Aim for Fitness. (2000). The United States Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (health.gov). Retrieved April 11, 2015, from http://www.health.gov/dietaryguidelines/dga2000/document/aim.htm
WHO :: Global Database on Body Mass Index. (2004). World Health Organization (WHO) Retrieved April 11, 2015, from http://apps.who.int/bmi/index.jsp?introPage=intro_3.html