Diet Plan 1 Essay Example
Chronic Kidney disease
A patient with a chronic kidney disease means that their kidneys are not able to purify the blood, extra water or waste products. During the initial phases of the situation, the patient has to limit the dietary intake for proteins and food fats so as to protect the current kidney function and be able to control the blood pressure. To manage the disease, it is important that the patient can familiarize himself/herself with the food nutrients and understand his/her diet goals so as to manage the disease. It is always important to take a low protein menu, 40-50 grams daily, especially for breakfast.
One serving of fruit or fruit juice one banana or I cup of mango juice.
Two servings of starch two slices of toast bread or 2 cups of whole meal cereals.
Fat 1 tablespoon margarine.
One serving of fruit
1-ounce protein 1 boiled egg
1-ounce meat such as chicken leg without the flesh
Two servings bread/starch two slices of brown bread
One serving of fruit two apples/ 2 oranges
Beverage Lemon juice
2-3 ounces of protein 2-3 ounces of beef
One serving of carbohydrates one slice of bread
Two servings vegetable ½ of beans and one small green salad made with lettuce, cucumbers, onions and green pepper
Fat Salad dressing made of 2 tbspn olive oil with vinegar or lemon juice
Carbohydrate ¼ wedge of apple or cherry pie
Beverage Non-dairy creamer without sugar
Two servings of fruit one small whole banana or pineapple slices
It is important to avoid unhealthy fats so as to limit the cholesterol levels to as low minimum levels as possible. Some of the healthy fats include poly and monounsaturated fats from vegetable oils, canola oils and olive oil.
The recommended protein intake is 0.8g/kg body weight. To get this amount of protein, it is important that one takes nuts, seeds, grains and vegetables.
Essential vitamins that such a patient should take include phosphorus, sodium and potassium. For a patient with a chronic kidney disease, a diet with more than 800 mg of phosphorus can do them good. This nutrient can be obtained from milk, cheese, yoghurt, ice cream or even nuts. It is important for the patient to avoid phosphate additives and should stick to natural phosphate as mentioned above. Suppose that the phosphate level is high, a special active vitamin D is recommended.
It is important to reduce an elevated potassium level by avoiding high potassium foods and potassium chloride and limiting the daily servings of fruit, vegetables and milk. Besides, reducing salt and sodium intake is important for maintaining low levels of sodium in the blood.
Diet Plan 2
An Overweight Person
Most people would want to shed their weight by simply working out and maintaining their normal food regime. Losing weight has to be accompanied by a change in the dietary intake, in which case the individual will have to minimize their carbohydrate consumption by avoiding processed foods and taking as little carbohydrates as possible. Below is a simple regular meal for a person who would like to maintain their weight or keep shedding off weight without the fear of adding additional fats in their body.
Smoothie Make a cocktail of 1 cup of frozen berries, ½ a banana and 8 ounces fat-free milk
½ English muffin with one tablespoon margarine.
One bowl of salad
6 ounces light yoghurt
One glass of mango juice
One glass of water
½ cup vegetarian baked beans
3 minor boiled red potatoes capped with a spoon of margarine.
3 cups spinach, steamed
4 ounces steamed shrimp
Since an individual who wants to shed weight has to eliminate more fats, they will have to minimize to a great extent their carbohydrate intake as much as possible. It means that they will have to maintain a 1200 low-calorie diet, but the patient will have to ensure that they do it right so that they get all the essential nutrients. For the carbohydrate servings, one can purchase them from the grocery store or the supermarket. However, the groceries offer the best options since there is more variety there. In the process of sticking to the meal, it is important that the patient takes at least eight glasses of water on a daily basis.
A 1200 low-calorie diet works best since it is the minimum number of calories one can consume in 24 hours although still consuming most of the nutrients that he/she needs for thriving and maintaining optimal performance. In such a situation, one should avoid as many proteins as possible by maximizing on whole meal cereals or milk for snacking. Milk will provide the patient with proteins recommended. In as much as the individual should avoid fat as much as possible, the patient should also take healthy fats such as those from nuts or even seeds. For cooking, using corn oil or olive oil is recommended.
Please remember that this paper is open-access and other students can use it too.
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