Free Anthropology Paper Critical Thinking Sample
This paper gives a criterion that can be used to select anthropology manuscripts that pursue local knowledge and make sense of social conduct from the natives' perspective and an inside perspective. The criteria will recommend the manuscript that can make the best book. The paper discusses why the criteria are important to illustrating using two-course readings namely: The spirit catches you and you fall and Number Our Days. Fadman’s ‘The spirit catches you and you fall down’ is a perfect example of an ethnography text because it talks about cultural dissonance between two cultures namely: Western culture and Hmong culture. Barbara Myerhoff’s ‘Number our days’ explores the aging process in Jews particularly those from Venice thus the story initiates a rethinking of anthropology and ethnography. The criteria for identifying a suitable manuscript focus on Content of the manuscript; abstract and keywords; formatting and references.
The content of a manuscript is the most fundamental part because it contains the message that is to be passed to the potential readers. For this reason, the content should be reliable, valid, up to date, comprehensible and relevant. The manuscript should offer a case study with comparative relevance and a conceptual approach that is suitable for the broad anthropology audience. In other words, the manuscript ought to be more than an ethnographic study. The manuscript should have clear arguments and it should utilize an analytical approach by illustrating the relationship between anthropology and human sciences. The manuscript should explain trends in anthropology, intellectual currency thematic urgency and unique interventions in anthropology. The contents of the manuscript should elaborate on emergent issues within the discipline. The author of the manuscript ought to be aware concerning research outside the core networks in the field by welcoming alternative viewpoints concerning the topic. The manuscript should include field research on ethnography because such research shed light on the history and are critically minded. The field research plays a critical role in analyzing and interpreting the manuscript. The arguments provided in the manuscripts should offer assertions that are proportional to the data provided.The methodology, research and design used in the manuscripts should offer reflexive attentiveness. It is essential for the manuscript to have supplemental content because it helps in extending the manuscript’s online presence. An enriched content encourages the readers to pursue the manuscript once it has been transformed into a book. Enriched manuscript contents can be developed and published into a book.
The book ‘Spirit catches you and you fall down’ is an example of a text with enriched content. It examines issues in anthropology but does not give a conclusion. Lia’s case study in the text is used to make an argument concerning the essence of including cross-cultural empathy and training in all medical centers and increasing the number of social workers and interpreters in medical settings. Lia’s case study is relevant in the field of anthropology because it pursues local knowledge and makes sense of social conduct from both the native and inside perspectives. Additionally, the history of Hmong Family and their journey and struggles are explained properly thus enriching the content further. Similarly, Number our days is rich in content concerning anthropology because it explores the anthropology from the natives point of view. Myerhoff undertook an intensive research of the aging process of American Jews that had been ignored by other scholars. Myerhoofs’ text sheds light in the field of anthropology because it describes the innovations, resilience and continuity of senior Jews. The intensive research on the old Jews in Venice is a great milestone in the field of anthropology because it contains both enriched and supplemented contents. She constructs her arguments in a manner that appeals to readers of all generations. For this reason, the contents of both texts are relevant in the fields of ethnography because they discuss concepts related to the field.
Abstract and Keywords
The manuscript should contain precise and carefully thought keywords and abstract. The abstract should be attractive because it draws the potential readers’ and viewers’ attention. The manuscript should contain at least six keywords and such keywords should not be included in the manuscript's title. Every chapter in the manuscript should contain at least five keywords. Keywords should be short, should not be general and should not be punctuated with any punctuation marks. Keywords can be drawn from the overall manuscript of from individual chapters and chapter keywords ought to appear in respective abstracts. The overall abstract should contain a maximum of 250 words whereas the chapter abstracts should have at most 200 words. The abstracts should be drafted in impersonal voices rather than personal pronouns. The keywords increase the extent to which the manuscript will be read in the case of electronic searches of the manuscript. The abstracts provide clears ideas, arguments and conclusion for each chapter in the manuscript. For this reason, the manuscript should clearly highlight the keywords and the abstract before submission.
Abstracts and keywords play a significant role in enhancing the online discoverability of both manuscripts and books. Currently, the world of publishing uses a mixed-model environment by which printed books are complemented by technologies that lure the potential readers to the scholarly articles. Consequently, the use of enriched keywords and abstracts increase the availability of books and manuscripts in the online world. The manuscript should contain overall keywords and abstract in addition to chapter keywords and chapter abstracts. Creation of Chapter abstracts and keywords presents the contents of the manuscripts in the most appropriate and complete way. The keywords and abstracts are the main ways through which researchers, students and academicians can access the digital contents of the manuscript. Fadman's text contains an abstract and keywords that enhance its online discoverability. Similarly, Barbara’s Number Our Days outlines Keywords and an abstract that draws the attention of potential readers. Consequently, the accessibility of both texts is increased due to their comprehensive abstracts and keywords.
The manuscript should use a consistent style whether it is APA style or Chicago Manual style or MLA style or Harvard style. The author should stick to one style to ensure that there is consistency in terms of grammar, hyphenation, spelling, capitalization, abbreviations and punctuation. The manuscript should be double-spaced and be in Times New Roman (12-point font).The font applies to figure captions, block quotes, tables, notes, excerpts and references. The margins applicable in the manuscripts namely sides, top and bottom, should be one inch and the right margin ought to be justified.
Images should not be included in the manuscripts but instead they should be sent as separate word documents and images should contain captions that describe their sources. Conversely, tables should be included in manuscripts and they should be numbered consecutively in as they appear in the body of the manuscript. The tables should have double-spaced captions and figures should be included in the manuscript text and they should be numbered consecutively. The figures should contain captions that show their relevance to the manuscript.Text boxes that are useful in for purposes of historical conceptualization can either be sent as separate documents or embedded in the manuscripts. Additionally, the textboxes should be numbered in a consecutive order. The manuscripts should be proofread to eliminate ant inconstancies and misspellings associated with scientific names, mathematical notations, foreign words, numerical values and proper names.
Footnotes should not be used within the text because they interfere with the smooth flow of ideas. In a manuscript where footnotes are used, they should be numbered consecutively using superscript throughout the text. Footnotes should be designated to tables and figures using lowercase superscripts. Unpublished observations should not be included as footnotes within the text. Italics within the text should be used for scientific names, species, taxa, genera, chemical names, genotypes, genes and mathematical variables. The manuscript length should adhere to the guidelines required by the editor. The title page should have the article’s title, author’s name, author’s affiliation and author’s contacts. The level-one, level-two and level-three headings should be clearly formatted throughout the text.
‘The spirit catches you and you fall down,' is written in a unique and comprehensive style thus it satisfies the conditions of a good manuscript. Every chapter in the story focuses on Lia but in between the lines wider topics on history, Hmong Culture and customs are highlighted. The style adopted in the book has catered for all formatting provisions as required by the conventional formatting styles. This story is an example of medical anthropology because it advocates cultural competence in the field of medicine. Similarly, ‘Number Our days' complies with the conventional styles of formatting in terms of footnotes, citation, reference list, title page formatting, fonts, images, figures and captions. Accordingly, the formatting used in both texts increases their credibility and professional outlook.
The format used for citations within the body of the manuscript should be consistent with the one used in the reference lists. All references must be properly cited in the manuscript. In the body of the manuscripts, the references should be cited in parentheses by including the author’s surname, publication year and page numbers depending on the formatting style applicable in that manuscript. The works cited should be alphabetically arranged and they should include the author’s last name, publication date, title of the manuscript, publisher’s city and the name of the publisher. The subsequent lines in the reference list ought to be indented and the reference list should neither be underlined nor be bolded. Both “Number Our Days” and “The spirit catches you and you fall down” have complied with the referencing and incitation rules. The styles used within the texts are consistent with those used to generate the reference lists. The reference lists used in both texts include the author’s names, page numbers and years of publication. All references included in the reference lists are cited in the texts thus there is consistency in both texts.
In summary, this paper has discussed the criteria that can be used to select anthropology manuscripts that pursue local knowledge. The components of the criteria include the Content of the manuscript; abstract and keywords; formatting and references. The elements of the manuscript should be identified easily and the final submission of the manuscript should include a text, title page, acknowledgements, table of contents, image captions, editable figures, tables, headings, and reference list. The content of a manuscript is very crucial hence it should be reliable, valid, up to date, comprehensible and relevant. The paper has illustrated on the topic by using two readings namely: The spirit catches you and you fall and Number Our Days. The contents in both readings are relevant in the fields of ethnography. The manuscript should offer information with comparative relevance and a conceptual approach that suits the anthropology audience and it should have clear arguments that utilize an analytical approach. A good manuscript should have keywords and an abstract because they increase the availability of books and manuscripts in the online media. The manuscript should consistently adhere to one writing styles to promote consistency in terms of grammar, hyphenation, spelling, capitalization, abbreviations and punctuation. The main styles that can be used in manuscripts include APA style or Chicago Manual style or MLA style or Harvard style. The two stories illustrated in this paper comply with the conventional styles of formatting in terms of footnotes, citation, reference list, title page formatting, fonts, images, figures and captions. The formatting style used for in-text citations ought to be consistent with the one used in the reference lists. All references should be cited within the text to increase reliability and completeness of the information contained in the text.