Free cultures Essay Sample
The term “culture”is used to identify the norms and activities of a given society. The communities believe in the given practices that belong to their community. These practices are usually specific to a given community includes the rites of passage from one stage of lifecycle to another. For example, most of the Egyptian communities are still deeply rooted in the old practices of their cultures, which, when critically evaluated indicate some adverse impacts on the society (Browdy and Omotayo, 83). A good example is the effects of female genital mutilation (FGM) among the Muslim community in Egypt. Nonetheless, there are several groups that have taken measures to eliminate the cultural practice in Egypt. The focus of the paper will be on the ethical concerns that are likely to arise from FGM practices, as well as some of related initial researches on FGM in Egypt and their contribution to the present program.
Traditionally, FGM is a cultural practice or an event that meant the removal of some of external female genital of young girls. Most of the Muslim traditionalists argue that, FGM is important because it enables the young girls to graduate to adulthood. It would be carried to young girls between the age of nine to fifteen. The traditionalists believe that once a girl has undergone FGM, she becomes ready for marriage. In addition, during FGM girls are taught how to be good wives to their husband. They also get important information on motherhood and the expectations of the society towards them (Toubia, and Anika, 58).
Nevertheless, this cultural practice has a number of negative impacts on the victims. To start with, the victim is exposed to pain and excessive bleeding while undergoing this cultural practice. Secondly, the victim, face the risk of getting infections and some other diseases such as HIV/AIDS when the same tools are used to cut more than one girl (Browdy and Omotayo, 98). Moreover, the challenges go on even during birth because the victims are likely to experience complications, that may result in loss of life.
FGM practicing culture is an outdated practice that should be stopped. Both the government of Egypt and non-government agencies should implement programs that will enlighten some to Muslims that are still practicing FGM. For example, there should be a massive campaign to create awareness to the community on the need of stop FGM (Browdy and Omotayo, 103). In addition, the government should implement laws that are stricter in order to stop this cultural practice. It is also crucial the government follows up with the same, especially in the grass root areas to ensure the law is working. Nevertheless, the non-government agency also, should provide homes for girls that are running away from their home to escape the practices of FGM (Browdy and Omotayo, 103).
Initially, the Egyptian government had included lessons on stopping FGM in the school education systems, where the youth were enlightened on the need to stop FGM. However, this strategy was slow and was not targeting the parents who in most cases make the decisions for their children. As a result, more action was needed, and some of them, include the implementation of laws and massive campaigns against FGM in Egypt (Toubia, and Anika, 67-69).
In conclusion, FGM is a cultural practice or event that involves the removal of some of external female genital of young girls. It is a cultural practice that has been long outdated in most communities. Both the government of Egypt and non-government agency should implement the programs that will enlighten people who are still practicing FGM.
Browdy, de H. J, Pauline Dongala, and Omotayo Jolaosho. African Women Writing Resistance: An Anthology of Contemporary Voices. Madison, Wis: University of Wisconsin Press, 2010. Print.
Toubia, Nahid, and Anika Rahman. Female Genital Mutilation: A Guide to Laws and Policies Worldwide. London: Zed, 2000. Print.