Free revisions Of Foundations Of The Development And Functions Of Police Critical Thinking Sample
Type of paper: Critical Thinking
Topic: Crime, Police, Community, Reforms, Skills, Training, Law, Citizenship
Comparing and contrasting the major characteristics of the political and reform eras of policing
After the chaos and corruption that result from the policing political era exemplified from Tammany Hall machinery, the pressure increased to improve the administration of the policing in the United States. Similarly, the mission and goals focus within policing were transformed. In addition, the technology change, such as the telecommunication and using cars by the police was introduced by the government. Those changes lead to improving the relationship between the citizen and police in terms of service interaction. The reforms in American policing was heavily influenced by the progressive political movements that emphasized the government to carry out the reforms. Those reforms were to improve the society and living conditions of the American citizens. However, in the policing, the reform was targeting to improve the police form from political control to a more standardized and centralized service delivery (Kusek & Rist, 2004). The standards change for police education and qualification Likewise, the independent civil service board to counter check the disciplinary of the police officers was improved to create the better image of the police. As a result, they had both the positive and the negative outcome from the reforms era (Skogan & Frydl & Ebrary, 2004).
When the reforms of the police were taking place, they were both positive and adverse effects. The positive result was the increased emphasis to make the police be more professional with the standards of education, competence, and training of the modern police officers. In addition, the positive influences lead to improved discipline of the police in terms of service delivery to society. That was after the formation of the civil service union that was to oversee the better relationship between the police and the citizens (Kusek & Rist, 2004).
On the other hand, the negative aspects of the police reforms era were defining the policing as the enforcing laws. Those reforms were with insufficient with the impacts of policing methodology on the citizens. The police institutional become adversarial that affected the law abiding citizens that the citizens did not understand. In addition to that, the reforms era tended to come up with the view that the citizens could not make decisions in relation to police activity. The citizens were not allowed to make decisions about the police training and safety since the citizens did not have specialized training that the police had.
The skills and knowledge that were imparted to police and the importance of those skills
The field training skills is universally explained as the most significant stage in the process of enabling one to become an independent police officer. During the training time, the field-training officers with two challenges present the police recruits. One is to learn the practical impacts of law enforcement and society services. Secondly, they wree trained and turned into professionals' culture of the particular agency with police specialization in the different line of duty (Goldstein, 1990). The United State uses two types of the field skills: the old training San Jose Model and the new police training officer program.
The two training programs were meeting to equip the police recruits with skills and knowledge that will enable them to apply the learning to the community. Some of the skilled the police recruits are thought are such as the communication skills, observation skills and understanding the law of the country. Similarly, they are trained to have the skills hardship conditions that will enable them to operate in severe circumstances. In addition, they trained to have the skills of running special weapons that will allow them to carry out their duty effectually to the community (Fredrickson & Siljander, 2004).
On the other hand, some of the knowledge they receive during the training are such as the how to be morally upright while delivering their duty to the community. Likewise, they police are equipped the knowledge of observing and analyzing the crime activities that will enable them to offer quality services to the society.
The importance of skills and knowledge gained from the training they allow the police to detect and eliminate crimes in the community. In addition to that, the police now that they have the special duties to perform thus, they are expected to act as the role model for the society.
Definition of community-policing and the difference between the tradition-policing
Community policing are the systems values and strategies of policing that centers the involvement of the police and citizens to design, evaluation, and implementation of law-enforcement programs.
There are several different between the traditional policing and community policing in the United States. The traditional policing it reflects the goals of the old reforms of the police. Those changes put more emphasis to separate politics from policy and hold the police accountable to politic body and the law. In traditional policing, the police have the limited range of interventions since their duty is to relay power of criminal law to gain control of law and order in the community. In addition, the traditional policing, the police officers have no limited power to make the decision in the field of duty since they are receiving order from police offices. Furthermore, the traditional policing culture it inwardly focuses on the values that are tied to the cop tradition streaming from traditional policing (Goldstein, 1990).
On the other hand, community policing is built with the aim of reducing the fear in the citizens in relation to crime activities. The police are highly involved in collaborating with the community to eliminate the challenges facing the community. As a result, the level of community policing, social organizations are thought to reduce the barriers that separate the police from the public. The police are inculcated largely with community service ideas that will enable the police to bring the policing services to the community, thus improves the wafer of the community.
Elements of the implementation of community policing and problem solving
The most important features implementation of community policing is to act as a peace officer that respects the democratic freedoms and rights of the public. Equally important, the police are expected to adapt the crucial strategies such as the systematic consultation with the community in order to solve the challenges that are facing the community (Fredrickson & Siljander, 2004). The police will devote their energies to parts of the solutions to the challenges that are connected to crime and social disorder. The police are expected to collaborate with the right partners to try to find solutions of the problems as far as the law-enforcement is expected to observe (Goldstein, 1990).
The qualities that the undercover officers should possess
The undercover is expected to have the following qualities:
Someone who has strong multitasking and communication skills. He also, supposed to possess the good judgment and perceptiveness.
The office is expected to possess technical skills that will enable him detect and observe at all times.
The undercover officer he should be someone who has the physical strength since the profession can be dangerous and demanding (Kusek & Rist, 2004).
The undercover officer is expected to possess experiences of what is the duty is and knows what is supposed to do at all times.
The secret officer should have computer skills such as the familiarity of fingerprint identification system using the computer advanced technology highly.
These qualities are more important since the primary aim of the undercover officers is to provide physical evidence that is necessary to prosecute the criminals successfully. Likewise, those conditions will enable the undercover agent to inconspicuously among the criminals that are involved in crime rings. Equally important, the secret agent jobs it may take a long period, and these elements are of greater value for one to become a secret agent (Fredrickson & Siljander, 2004).
In conclusion, the progressive political movements that emphasized the government to carry out the reforms heavily influenced the reform of American policing. As a result of reforms era, the police departments that has a field training skills that is most significant stage in the process of enabling one to become an independent police officer. Those offices are expected to collaborate with the community to solve the problems facing the society (Skogan & Frydl & Ebrary, 2004).Therefore, the police are supposed to use most important elements implementation of community policing to act as a peace officer that respects the democratic freedoms and rights of the public.
Fredrickson, D. D., & Siljander, R. P. (2004). Street drug investigation: A practical guide for plainclothes and uniformed personnel. Springfield, Ill: Charles C Thomas.
Goldstein, H. (1990). Problem-oriented policing. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Kusek, J. Z., & Rist, R. C. (2004). Ten steps to a results-based monitoring and evaluation system: A handbook for development practitioners. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Skogan, W. G., Frydl, K., & Ebrary, Inc. (2004). Fairness and effectiveness in policing: The evidence. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.