Sample Essay On Reading Summary
Research is one of the most important fields in the world as it provides answers to many questions that have been rising as well as remedies to different kinds of problems. For a successful research to be done and correct answers to be provided, there must be different experiments that must be carried out. There has been rise of unknown diseases over the past but due to research. These diseases have been identified and their cures being found. Even though research is very essential, it is of great importance to ensure that research is done in an ethical manner so as no individual is subdued to unfair kind of treatment. This hugely relates to human subject research which involves the use of people as the test subjects of experiments. It mainly includes doing tests on individual’s blood, giving people new drugs as well as having them take the survey. It is of great importance for researchers to ensure that they treat the people they study in an ethical manner. They should ensure that their subjects are not exploited in any way.
In the past, researchers did not have this in mind but today there are ethical principles for research so as to make sure that individuals who participate in the research are not harmed in any way. These principles were put forward so that people do not get afraid of participating in research. These principles include social value, scientific validity, fair subject selection, favourable risk-benefit ratio, independent review, informed consent, and respect for enrolled subject. It is there for of great essence for researchers to adhere to these principles so as to ensure that individual’s rights are maintained and no individual is unduly harmed as a result of being used as a test subject.