Free Research Paper About Proposed Solutions To End Racial Oppression
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Racial oppression is an institutionalized power formed in the past and practiced throughout history. The issue of racial oppression has been rampant in the United States since time immemorial. In the U.S, the whites assume that they have a dominant position in the minority group, and this supremacy is practiced and maintained at the institutional level. For instance, in late 1960s, the whites being the majority resisted the influx of militant black movement that championed for their rights and freedom. In 1968, the relations and attitudes of the blacks and whites led to a massive rioting of the blacks, and in the process, Martin Luther King Junior was assassinated. The occurrences and unfolding of events revealed that racial oppression remained a thorny issue in the U.S. Recently; the systematic oppression of the black people has been injected into institutions of justice. This is portrayed in the increased cases of police brutality subjected against the black people. The minority groups continue to press for equality by holding huge mass protests and demos that demand effective actions and eradication of racial apprehension. The paper will briefly address the problem of racial oppression in the United States and the current status of the issue. Moreover, the paper will provide the insight and suggest a well-outlined proposed solution bring racial oppression to an end. Lastly, the justification of the proposed solutions to racial oppression will be discussed.
Systemic raced-based discrimination is very popular in the United States. It refers to the manner in which rules, regulations and norms of an organization are developed to discriminate certain racial groups within the society. The tendency to offer top executives jobs to the whites is observed as a normal thing whereas the blacks are expected to work in lowly paid jobs. Apart from work areas, racial oppression is common in education, housing, and health. Racial oppression occurs on individual, interpersonal, community and societal levels (Trenerry, Franklin, & Paradies 15). In most instances, the racial oppression is a subject of stereotypes, prejudices, and perceptions embedded within ideologies and structures. In Australia, the rates of unemployment based on discrimination are on the rise. For instance, the National Mapping Social Cohesion Survey sampled out 2,000 respondents and subjected them to a questionnaire of whether they felt that they were “not promoted or treated fairly at work. The findings indicated that incidences of racial oppression increased from 20% to 25% between 2007 and 2009. The results also indicated that the percentage of people who were not offered a job increased from 12% to 18% (Trenerry, Franklin, & Paradies 15).
The report, “Labor Force Characteristics by Race and Ethnicity, 2012,” indicates the patterns in the labor force by races and ethnic groups. Overall, the rate of unemployment in the U.S stood at 8.1% but the percentages varied across the ethnic groups. For instance, the Blacks led with a 13.8%, American Indians and Alaska Natives at 12.3%, Hispanics 10.3%, Native Hawaiians 11.8%, and the whites 7.2% (Solis, Hilda and Galvin 1). Surprisingly, the whites reflected an employment rate of 80% while the blacks and Asians represented 12% and 5% respectively (Solis, Hilda and Galvin 2). Other minority groups occupied the remaining percentage in the report.
Recent studies indicate that companies operated by Blacks were shut down, and this may have attributed to high rates of unemployment in the US. Though the employment and unemployment rates among the population is affected by various factors, racial oppression and discrimination plays a bigger part. The blacks have always been a subject of ridicule and used by the whites to achieve their greedy purposes in life. Evidently, people of black origin represented the most neglected race regarding housing (Acker 462). The majority of the blacks live in neglected neighborhoods where they are no decent car parking, shopping malls, and modern groceries. On the other hand, the whites live in modern houses, and their neighborhoods are highly secured and have all social amenities including schools and hospitals.
The disheartening issue of racial oppression requires special attention to guarantee equality and fairness within the society. To date, racial oppression has not been addressed. The idea of slavery was ridiculous because it gave rise to racial oppression. The problem is that even after the end of slavery, people of black origin and other minority group member continued to be subjected to discrimination across all divisions within the society. If people could understand the dualistic reality, they could reject all forms of racial oppression, and this could end racial oppression across the globe. Political leadership, media, and institutions of learning are examples of stakeholders that can actively engage themselves in the war against racial discrimination and prejudice.
There should be a number of programs USA can carry out to reduce racial discrimination in the various sectors of the economy'. It should allocate more money to carry out institutional leadership. People will reduce their racial attitudes towards similarity if an institutional principle is implemented. Racial attitude is sometimes changed when by the altered situations that the policy enacted conveys. Surveys were used to give comparisons of racism by white employees whose employers did and did not take actions. Conventional wisdom had proximity that targeted this form of race that stirred white antagonism. Whites who were employed in these firms were proposers of particular race oriented reduction strategies and had the probability of standing firm with these beliefs. It was unlikely that whites were simply a race targeted group that had chosen racial progressive companies to work in (Chris). Affirmative action will increase the number of blacks employed in largely dominated white companies. White workers who were employed in the firms that white workers practiced racial segregation. Practicing institutional leadership will be essential to achieving racial discrimination reduction.
Often in most American firms, they combine both promotional campaigns and affirmative action. Carry out these campaigns will be performing the function of being a substitute for institutional revolution. Conducting awareness on the education and public relations reduces the racial attitude towards Africans (Chris). Leadership plays a significant role in reducing the attitude people have towards blacks in the constituencies. Leadership is a determinant of effective affirmative action in employment. Several analysts of career opportunities believe that the dedication of the managers is a critical factor for coming up with quick action programs. Racial prejudice can be reduced effectively if the highest ranking officials in a corporation accept to teach their subordinates on the importance of appreciating other people's skin. The organizations that are based in a particular area can reduce racial discrimination by allocating some vacant positions on the board of directors to the nearby ethnic groups (Chris).
In USA the media has played a key role in addressing the topic of racial discrimination against blacks. The media can implement media-based initiatives to revolutionize the people's attitude towards racial discrimination. When media publishes a product talking more about racial discrimination people, buy and read them. They may react to this thoughtfully by criticizing the media for their treatment towards racial discrimination (Suton 21). The people who have bought these media products may try to investigate this by analyzing it. The media updates the people on what is happening in USA and they may stir people to increase or reduce racial discrimination. They may also examine the product by giving mixed reactions towards racial prejudice. They try to relate this to existing values. Media applies strategies that change people's dogmas towards ridiculing the black's skin (Suton 22).The media can use several other policies to reduce social prejudice.
The media should try to compact people perceptions towards racial prejudicing by making people aware. The media should try to reduce all these forms of harassment, intimidation, and blackmail in all the key sectors of the economy. People should be rewarded by the institutions dealing with racial discrimination when they find one violating the blacks. The initiatives by media can be achieved quickly by categorizing them into campaigns and programs. Through research should be conducted so that the government can know the effect of programs on beliefs (Williams 344). Media can reduce racial prejudice if they accept to be corrected by releasing the news that ridicules the blacks. It will be critical to organize meetings between the ethnic council of elders and media representatives to come up with policies to tackle racism in USA. The challenges and worries among the blacks can be highlighted if the two groups conduct their meetings separately first (Suton 26).
The negative outcomes of racial oppression affect both the targets and the perpetrators. For the affected groups, it can “traumatize, humiliate, confuse, enrage, and untimely thwart the maximum growth and functioning of individuals and the communities” (Herndon 12). To the perpetrators, it can distort their characters because the affected persons reportedly claim that they are unhappy because of the behaviors.
Because of the adverse effects of racial oppression, bringing it to an end will greatly contribute to various benefits. For instance, the entire population will be economically productive, and this will be of great benefit to both the government and the citizens of the United States. The economy will grow at a high rate because the Blacks, Hispanics, Asians, Latinos and whites will work towards a common agenda of improving their livelihood. In the past, Blacks have been a subject of ridicule from the white population, and this has not worked to their advantage (Herndon 322). They have been subjected to lowly paid jobs, and this has made it hard for them to improve their economic status. The rates of crime have also increased because of the high levels of poverty in the population. If all races are subjected equally to job opportunities, the crimes will be diffused, and the security levels will be restored to the norm.
Moreover, ending discrimination will improve the personalities of people who once were racist and have changed their perspective towards other races. The perpetrators whose names had been tainted must be in the frontline to condemn the vice. If they actively engage themselves in this the war against oppression, they will be respected and appreciated by all races within the society. The oppressed will accept that the perpetrators have changed to the best, and this will lead to peaceful coexistence within the society. The mutual respect between people is important because it ensures that there is no tension within the community. When an individual develops a better personality, the society treats him/her with honor and admiration.
Research studies have indicated that racial oppression contributes to several medical ailments including mental health problems, stress, and tension (Yip et.al 2). The blacks who have experience racism are likely to become obese and devote their time to bad acts like smoking. Racial discrimination and heart illnesses tend to have shared some relations, and it can be highlighted by the fact that emerging evidence of a relation raises the susceptibility of contacting the heart disease. If these vices are eliminated, the racially abused section of the population will leave a happy life, and they will spend most of their times pursuing the rights things in life.
Acker, Joan. "Inequality regimes gender, class, and race in organizations." Gender & society 20.4 (2006): 441-464.
Chang, Mitchell J., et al. "The educational benefits of sustaining cross-racial interaction among undergraduates." The Journal of Higher Education 77.3 (2006): 430-455.
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Hampton, Chris. "Chapter 27. Cultural Competence in a Multicultural World | Section 4. Strategies and Activities for Reducing Racial Prejudice and Racism | Main Section." Community Tool Box. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2015.
Herndon, Lisa. "Why Is Racial Injustice Still Permitted in the United States-An International Human Rights Perspective on the United States' Inadequate Compliance with the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination." Wis. Int'l LJ 31 (2013): 322.
Solis, Hilda L., and John M. Galvin. "Labor Force Characteristics by Race and Ethnicity, 2011." Bureau of Labor Statistics (2012).
Sutton, Mike, et al. "Getting the message across: using media to reduce racial prejudice and
Trenerry, B., H. Franklin, and Y. Paradies. "Preventing Race-Based Discrimination and Supporting Cultural Diversity in the Workplace-An Evidence Review: Full Report." Victoria Health Promotion Foundation, Melbourne, Australia (2012).
Williams, David R., et al. "Racial differences in physical and mental health socio-economic status, stress and discrimination." Journal of health psychology 2.3 (1997): 335-351. Retrieved from: http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/handle/2027.42/67159/10.1177_135910539700200305.pdf?sequence=2
Yip, Tiffany, Gilbert C. Gee, and David T. Takeuchi. "Racial discrimination and psychological distress: the impact of ethnic identity and age among immigrant and United States-born Asian adults." Developmental psychology 44.3 (2008): 787.
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