Research Designs And Methods Essay

Type of paper: Essay

Topic: Study, Education, Design, Discharge, Information, Control, Medicine, Understanding

Pages: 2

Words: 550

Published: 2020/10/27

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Post-Anaesthetic Discharge Scoring Criteria: A Systematic Review

Research Designs and Methods
Part 1
What method was used in the research article you chose? Discuss how the data were collected. Is there a way the design or method of data collection could have been done better?
A systematic review to a Post-anaesthetic discharge scoring criteria is a quantitative study written in a narrative which aims to examine the effectiveness of PACU scoring system. In order to assess this analysis systematically and methodologically, two reviewers pulled out data using the unvarying critical evaluation and data extraction tools from the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI). With these tools, they will be able to collate information that is needed in order to scrutinize the efficacy of the Post-anaesthetic discharge scoring. Moreover, this is also conducted in adult patients on post-anaesthetic discharge evaluation approaches using post-anaesthetic care units subsequent to several nature of surgical practice. For further assessment, a broad literature hunt was put up to classify studies that seem to be interrelated to the main focus of the review.
The main goal for a systematic review is to sum up all the indications on the matter. But aside from scrutinizing all the facts presented, healthcare reviewers or researchers must exercise their medical judgment to assess the evidences of impending advantages and disadvantages of the study and its results with the patients to make sound medical decisions (Minkow, 2014). Alternatively, there are supplementary research designs that could be favorable and advantageous in this medical review. For instance, the reviewers can also undertake meta-analysis, a combination of case study and controlled study, to clearly achieve approximate calculations with regards to treatment efficiency and statistical value (Koffel, n.d.).

Part 2.

Question 1: What are the different types of research design?
Cross-sectional study design is applied to a research when studying one or more variables contained by a specified sampling at solitary point. While a Cohort study design on the other hand needs a cluster of people in a population following a specific timeline for tracking such occurrences that they will experience during a treatment or any other dealings based on the topic of research. This study gauges proceedings in sequential order for them to make a distinction among causes and effects (Types of research designs, 2015). On the other hand, Case control study is used to weigh against cases that have a firm or definite state with a control group. This control group is generally not merely taken from the population, but it has to be the same in terms of gender and age (Study designs 3 types, n.d.).
Other types of research design are Meta analysis and systematic review. Both are considered as founders of healthcare researches, necessary wherever it is not viable to maintain or replicate previous researches or studies (Shuttleworth, n.d.). A meta-analysis could possibly enclose a statistical interpretation that can lead to generating hypotheses for testing opportunities at some point in time (Gough et al, 2012). Moreover, systematic review is a review following a set of evident questions that make use of methodical and unambiguous means to categorize, choose, asses and evaluate pertinent discoveries as well as to accumulate and interpret such findings (Systematic review, n.d.).

Question 2: How do research designs support your theories?

Research designs or methods used in different studies or reviews support the theories formed by researchers adjacent to making a concrete technique or manner on how the study should be done and how every finding can be of great help for further endeavors. Albeit having different approaches on the method or procedures as well as the number of sampling or variables needed in each type of research design, it is highly important that the researchers or reviewers opt to choose a research design that would be fitting and cohesive in a topic or focus of the study that they will be conducting.


Gough et al. (2012). Clarifying differences between review designs and methods.
Retrieved from
Koffel, J. (n.d.). Understanding research study designs. Retrieved from
Minkow, D. (2014 Sept 8). The systematic review. Retrieved from
Shuttleworth, M. (n.d.). Systematic reviews. Retrieved from
Study designs 3 types. (n.d.). Retrieved from
Systematic review (n.d.). Retrieved from
Types of research designs. (27 Jan 2015). Retrieved from

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