Child Poverty Alleviation Research Paper
After the war, the information of child poverty occurrence is considerable shocking than that of the mortality of the infants. For instance, in 1949, the United States of America’s data on census shows that over and above forty five percent of the children who are living with the parents or families with corresponding insufficient incomes to provide adequate nutrition, housing, transportation, medical care, and the like (Cornia & Danziger, 1997).
In 1959, almost a quarter of the children are living in poverty in the United States. Japan and Europe had experience this kind of situation. Poverty is defined as the type of social prohibition. There is a probability of generating harm to the health and safety of people and in the long run the general public as a whole (Cornia & Danziger, 1997).
High Poverty Rates’ Consequences and Alleviation
Granting that there is consideration with regard to the consequences of the child poverty, it is very visible factors which contribute to its increase and prevalence. One of the causes is the economic trends where there is the existence of the imbalance of the trading, productivity and investments at the low level and the growth of the economy is very slow. Consequently, the increase in the demand of work could not accompany the supply resulting to increase in unemployment rate, pressure in competition and factors of the technology. In addition, the issues of divorce and early marriage, out-of-wedlock birth rapid increase, experience divorce of parents at early age, birth by single parents or unmarried couples also add up to the cause. Also, the children even the parents experienced discrimination and racism and the increase in homelessness which the children are exposed (Cornia & Danziger, 1997).
Growing up in poverty affects the children in a lot of ways such as social development, mental development and physical development (Veritta, 2008). On the social development, the environment had a great effect to the children. Houses which are located in deprived or depressed areas are considered to be lacking in amenities and overcrowding. Also there is the difficulty in the public services and schools access. On the physical development, diseases and illnesses are the results of the poor environmental cleanliness. Malnutrition is experience by the poor children who have less access to nutritional foods and healthy foods. And thus, their mental development will become slow. Children are most likely to have poor attendance rate in school, delayed in the readiness in school, scores of tests are low, and interactions to others will be the problem (Cornia & Danziger, 1997, and Veritta, 2008).
According to the United Nations, in order to alleviate poverty and for the health concerns of the children, there must be an improved nutrition and survival as well as advanced sanitation such as toilets (UN News Centre, n.d.).
The government and the institutions must work hand-in-hand in order to implement not only to alleviation program on poverty but also focus on health and environmental program for children. Not only the government and institutions but also the parents and the children as well must join and contribute to the implementation. If this will materialize, then there will only not a reduction of child poverty but a complete elimination of this around the world.
Cornia, G. A. & Danziger, S. (1997). Child Poverty and Deprivation in the Industrialized Countries, L945-1995: A UNICEF International Child Development Centre Study. Eds.. United States of America: Oxford University Press, Inc.
UN News Centre. (n.d.). United Nations: UN Reports Progress Towards Poverty Alleviation, Urges Increased Support for the Poorest. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=38965#.VRawXGz2PMw
Veritta, L. (2008). Poverty Alleviation: 21st Century Issues and Challenges. Ed. New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.