Developing Household Waste Management Strategies Dissertation Introduction Examples
Problem Statement and Objectives
This dissertation will articulate the issues and strategies associated with household waste management. Due to the problem of managing utilities that are necessary for residential buildings apart from industrial and commercial buildings, the issue of household waste is increasing particularly in developing and under-developing countries. Household waste is also hazardous that is ignored in many parts of the world. The proper household waste management would facilitate in developing sustainable environment. Hence, there is a need of developing comprehensive household waste management strategies to create awareness for the protection of human health and his environment by considering a particular case study.
The household waste is comprised of such components that posture a threat to humans, animals, and our environment. Household waste are also characterized as toxic, corrosive, inflammable and so forth. The waste includes human solid waste, garbage, used water from the kitchen and so forth. The improper waste dumping without any designed mechanism is also creating land pollution. The proper sewerage system, wastewater treatment plants and standard practices of sludge disposal can facilitate protecting health and the environment (Williams, 2009)
The major issue under consideration for sustainable planning in Nepal includes the population, health, waste management and water resource management. The government and non-government organizations have developed plans after analyzing the basic indicators in order to ensure good health service and improve the quality of living beings. Even then, it is imperative to consider that remarkable issues in Nepal are persisting including health issues that are linked with three major factors including poverty, illiteracy as well as inadequate waste management system. Consequently, life expectancy rate is low, and the mortality rate is high that is alarming (Dangi et al., 2011). The literacy and health are interlinked that need preventive measures to control communicable diseases. These measures are dependent on proper waste management including sludge apart from the provision of safe and pure drinking water. As most of the diseases are infectious, so it is imperative to develop mitigation strategies by incorporating proper waste and sludge disposal mechanism. Only 6% of the population has access to adequate sanitation facility in Nepal (Tuladhar, 2011).
In addition, waste dumping and reliance on inadequate designed septic tanks in urban areas generate sludge management issues. This untreated sludge is one of the most significant concerns in the context of household waste management. The untreated sewage and sludge disposal is responsible for greenhouse gasses posturing health and other environmental issues ( (Alam et al., 2008; Tuladhar, 2011).
This study will develop flexible strategies applicable in most of the countries by taking Nepal as a case study. Secondary research data will be used by taking into account case study of Nepal. This data will be obtained from online sources like official website, reports issued by the officials and NGO's as well as available peer-reviewed literature.
Utilization of Research
The obtained results of this study will reveal data to develop hygiene standards and collaboration between relevant authorities including NGO’s. It will provide an opportunity to implement strategic measures in many regions of the world facing the household management issue. In addition, it will facilitate formulating rules and regulations to overcome the constraints and limitations existing in their respective regions lacking adequate system.
This is undeniable fact that the manmade household waste is harmful for human health and the environment. Household waste is generated through daily activities of human beings and animals such as pets. The definite waste management system may vary slightly from place to place based on culture, living standards, religion and the likes. Moreover, the utilized goods and unwanted materials need to be discarded that convert into waste. The development of rule and regulation with proper implementation is also necessary to be incorporated.
Alam, R., Chowdhury, M., Hasan, G., Karanjit, B. and Shrestha, L. (2008). Generation, storage, collection and transportation of municipal solid waste: A case study in the city of Kathmandu, capital of Nepal. Waste Management, 28(6), pp.1088-1097.
Dangi, M., Pretz, C., Urynowicz, M., Gerow, K. and Reddy, J. (2011). Municipal solid waste generation in Kathmandu, Nepal. Journal of Environmental Management, 92(1), pp.240-249.
Tuladhar, G. (2011). Developing strategies for sustainable residential building design: Kathmandu Metropolitan City, Nepal. M.Sc. Iowa State University.
Williams, E. (2009). The Management of Household Hazardous Waste (HHW) In Harris County: Residents Attitudes and Perceptions. Ph.D. Texas Southern University.