Good Essay About Employee Oriented Approach
Multiple Choice Questions
Organizations spend billions of funds in order to motivate their employees. These interventions actually improve job satisfaction, performance and retention of employees. So much attention has been put in place when it comes to issues that motivate employees, and several approaches are applied to this issue of motivation. Which kind of the behavioral approach to business management is portrayed by motivating employees?
Leadership Competency Approach
Organizational Navigation Approach
Answer: Employee oriented Approach. For the management, this approach emphasizes in interpersonal relationships of workers with anxiety of employees created through motivation. Socializing the employees help to create their welcoming environments for clients and emphasis is not put on the production but the welfare of the employees.
Empowerment often takes the operant approach in business management. This fact is at times overlooked by other theories of motivation and a change of situation by leaders can enhance followers. The changes may include motivation in followers, performance, and satisfaction. Changing situations and individuals often fail because leaders make assumptions in their management. What kind of assumption and mistake do most leaders make when it comes to making changes and empowering workers in daily life?
Assumption that it is easier to change an individual than it is to change the situation.
Assumption that it is easier to change the situation than it is to change the individual.
Assumption that change is easy provided the employees are well remunerated.
Assumption that empowering employees make changes hard because they may feel comfortable.
Answer: Assumption that it is easier to change an individual than it is to change the situation. This assumption happens most, and it is true that the situation is not always fixed thus followers should not be the intended variables for change. The situation should be put flexible before dealing with individuals for change purposes.
Dissatisfaction is a key reason why most people often leave organizations. Majorly most cases of either satisfaction or dissatisfaction are within the leader’s control. Dissatisfaction cannot be measured, but replacement can be done when it occurs. The following are direct costs and determinants of replacement or hire of a new supervisor in case of dissatisfaction. Identify the indirect cost, in this case, when it comes to hiring.
Productivity loss costs
Answer: Productivity loss costs. Productivity loss is indirect because it is associated with other factors like unfilled positions or loss of customers, unlike the direct costs.
In the management of groups, group roles are expected behaviors and are usually with a particular position and jobs. People do have roles in groups that they belong and associate themselves with. Which among the following choices is a role of group members according to the influential theory of leadership?
Opinion is giving.
Information is giving.
Answer: Information exchange. The group members have a role in their relationships with other members to exchange information that can be of benefit to the group.
Group cohesion keeps groups together, and the management of groups gets easier when they are cohered. The sum of forces that attract members to a group then defines cohesion. According to business management, mention a true statement about group cohesion.
A highly cohesive group may have lower absenteeism and lower turnover as compared to a less cohesive group.
A less cohesive group may have lower absenteeism and high turnover
A highly cohesive group may have lower absenteeism and higher turnover as compared to a less cohesive group.
A highly cohesive group will have higher turnover as compared to a less cohesive one.
Answer: The first option is true because a highly cohesive group is often good in performance, and this only happens when both absenteeism and turnover is low.
6) For group leadership, norms are the informal rules that help these groups to adopt and make group members’ behaviors regular. In the present world, group norms are openly discussed, and they influence behaviors of members consistently and powerfully. What most important aspect shows that there are norms within groups? In other words, what majorly helps to show other people or the public that there are norms within groups?
Answer: Social cues. Most people are often good at reading the social cues and it informs them about norms that exist within groups. An example of such cues includes dressing codes.
In any team, it is clear to understand the purpose, norms and goals. Which of the following is not an aspect of group norms?
Ways of making decisions
How often and how long the team meets
Who leads the team
Answer: Who leads the team is not an aspect of group norms since it does not give the goals and purpose of the team.
8) Delegation in leadership enables leaders to free themselves from duties that are time-consuming. It gives responsibilities for decision-making especially by individuals who are most likely to implement or get affected by the decision. Delegation is most concerned with follower development, responsibility, and autonomy. Delegation is thus important for purposes of leadership. Which of the following is an importance of delegation according to leaders in the present world of management?
Making the assignment is clear and specific.
Assigning of objectives.
Development of followers.
Allowing for autonomy with a minority performance.
Answer: Development of followers. The others are principles, but developing followers is an importance of delegation. Developing subordinates is a major responsibility that leaders have, and delegation of significant tasks would be the best way to support growth among followers.
9) A key factor of success in most organizations, today has employees and employers who possess the right skills and knowledge. Most companies are then looking for a way of strengthening their skills in order to have a competitive advantage in the world of business. State a way of acquiring better skills and knowledge within businesses today.
Building existing talents through development and coaching.
Hiring more leaders and employees with better skills.
Forming more organizations that value skills and knowledge.
Maintaining skills and knowledge are available.
Answer: Building existing talents through development and coaching. Coaching and development equip people with knowledge, tools and opportunities that would help organizations become more successful.
10) Concerns related to job satisfaction are based on a person’s attitudes towards work. Which of these four options is a characteristic of a worker who is not satisfied?
i) Continuing to work for the organization.
ii) Engagement in organizational citizenship.
iii) Engagement in diverse counterproductive behaviors.
V) Reduction of workload and stress.
Answer: Engagement in diverse counterproductive behaviors. This characteristic fits a worker who is not satisfied because they are more likely to be adversarial on how they relate to leadership.
Komives, Susan R, and Wendy Wagner. Leadership for a Better World: Understanding the Social Change Model of Leadership Development. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2012. Internet resource.