The Coming Anarchy Article Reviews Examples
The institutional affiliation
Robert D. Kaplan, the author of the article The Coming Anarchy, assures that anarchy has not only political meaning, but has many negative social outcomes because of wrong political actions. Acquiring his travel experience and witnessing a living example, he summarized several factors which gave the understanding of our ever-repeated history: environmental shortage, cultural and racial clash, geography, and the transformation of war.
Robert Kaplan found support of his reflections at many scholars. First of all it is important to mention Thomas Fraser Homer-Dixon, the head of the Peace and Conflict Studies. He lays special emphasis on the conflict which is the foundation of so called environmental-social system. The environmental problems, which continue to worsen, these are water contamination, exhaustion of the soil, extinction of animals, plants, deforestation lead to exasperation between people in social relations. Environment can be not only natural but also religious and cultural. Homer-Dixon’s conception is the higher any environmental degradation, the higher social disruption. An example of social life as a limo is the most successful metaphor and strong contrast. Inside is an abundant life for chosen ones and outside is everything that has rested for those people who are to service this limo. Majority of people is for sure stand outside the limo because of the social hierarchy.
Francis Fukuyama, an American political scientist, has another opinion about the development of the world and society. He has an idea of the Last Man, a strong, well-built, educated mankind’s representative who can change the world for better.
The next scholar is Samuel P. Huntington unfolds the gradation of conflicts from nation-state, racial to ideological to cultural conflict. The reasons for this chain of conflicts are in the governments and the policy they carry out and consequently in the migration of people. Very often old historical conflicts are revived which provokes the desire for a new war and blood revenge. The best volunteers for such a kind of activities are young people belonging to radical organizations.
Another matter Robert Kaplan raised is really global and concerns the mapmaking. This problem has been developing for many years and appeared due to the migration of rural population from shantytowns to big cities looking for better life conditions inside their country and further migration to other countries. Consequently the frontiers of every country almost disappear, along with this disappears the individuality of every country and globalization combines everything. On the one hand it may be considered as a uniting process as all people living on one Earth which is our home. On the other hand there is a certain amount of population in whom even small percentage of emigrants provokes hostile emotions. Kaplan gives an example of especially Islamic and African countries but currently almost every country in the world is the home of two or even more cultures and languages.
Thus, all above mentioned becomes the reasons for war which is the final stage. Usually the propagation of war actions is made for the most illiteracy social who are very yield to agitations and promises. When the mass poverty and degradation in society exist, there will be people who wish to express their emotions in violence. Thus, just war should not be mixed with the criminal behavior.
Martin van Creveld, a military historian, emphasizes there is no correct understanding of the term Politics so far no correct political actions especially, as he says, in the Third World countries. If again addressing to the meaning of the word, politics is the way of power and resource distribution among the given communities. In our modern society people usually don't know who actually has the power in the country and who owns all natural and financial resources. Here the circle completes.
Unfortunately, Anarchy has already come and only when people of the globe achieve a certain economic, educational, and cultural standard, we can change something.
As a conclusion it may be said that the nursing occupation assumes many different challenges within the recent years because of care service to the vulnerable groups and individuals.
Kaplan, R. (1994). The Coming Anarchy. The Atlantic. Retrieved 11 April 2015, from http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1994/02/the-coming-anarchy/304670/#
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