Argumentative Essay On Death Penalty
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Death penalty or the capital punishment is the punishment given but the justice to the criminals in lieu of the crime committed by those culprits. Capital punishment has always be an issue of argument because the there are people who favor this punishment while there are people who simply rejects the idea of death penalty regardless of the severity of the crime committed by the criminal [claim].
At times, even the government of many states has pondered on the idea of putting a ban on the capital punishment as this ban was forced by the people who are the supporters of human rights. The main objectives for subjecting a ban on the death penalty involve the expenditure which is spent on the taxes for the capital punishment [rebuttal]. Phillips (2011) investigated the expenditure and illustrated that ‘the additional cost of confining an inmate to death row, as compared to the maximum security prisons where those sentenced to life without possibility of parole ordinarily serve their sentences, is $90,000 per year per inmate. With California’s current death row population of 670, that accounts for $63.3 million annually’. This expense is very high as compared to the cost of keeping a criminal in prison for the lifetime instead of the capital punishment. The system of court gets hampered due to the unlimited appeals in the case of the death penalty. Thus, the court remains engaged in those cases only. Also, the death penalty does not seem to deter the murder [rebuttal] rates as jotted down by Radelet and Lacock in 2008, “Eighty-eight percent of the country’s top criminologists do not believe the death penalty acts as a deterrent to homicide”.
Conversely, the death penalty is still being practiced because it provides the victim’s family a satisfaction of justice towards their loss. Although, the number of people supporting death penalty is alleviating but still, the 60% of Americans believes that the death penalty is the true justice for certain crimes. Capital punishment in the America is not legal in all states, however, within the 32 states; the death penalty is not banned (Bissell, 2014) [ground]. Also, the fear of death can avert the criminal from getting indulged in the crime at first place. Although the criminal is not alive after the capital punishment to learn a lesson from this punishment but other criminals might think before committing a crime. The terror of the death penalty can be advantageous in this aspect as it will help the criminals refrain from crimes [warrant]. Muhlhausen (2007) stated that ‘Professor Ehrlich's research found that the death penalty had a strong deterrent effect. While his research was debated by other scholars, additional research by Professor Ehrlich reconfirmed his original findings’. On the other hand, the recent studies in this regard suggest that among the observation of 3000 countries, within the time span from 1996 to 2000, the murder incidents, and executions cases were analyzed. This analysis proved that there was a strong relationship between the two and with the increase in number of execution cases; the murder incidents were declined (Muhlhausen, 2007) [grounds]. In addition to this, in the opinion of Andre and Velasquez, ‘those who are deterred by the death penalty do not commit murders, common sense tells us that if people know that they will die if they perform a certain act, they will be unwilling to perform that act’ [backing].
Sentencing death to the culprit accounts for the justice which is well executed. The capital punishment also becomes a lesson for the criminals who are in the prison for the lifetime as they would not commit crimes in the terror of death [warrant]. Therefore, the death penalty is a strong punishment for averting further crimes in the state. In order to make the criminals hesitate from committing the crimes and to alleviate the number of crimes rates, it is necessary to maintain a fear in the mind of criminals. This terror is developed through the death penalty [backing].
Furthermore, the DNA testing and other advanced technology experiments have ruled out the chances of hanging an innocent individual for the crime [qualifier]. Roman-Santos (2010), illustrated it as “expanding DNA databases will not only help to solve more crimes but also exonerate innocent people who have been wrongly convicted”. Subsequently, only the actual criminals are sentenced to the punishment. This is the answer to the major argument against the death penalty because people who support the ban on the death penalty confer the capital punishment given to the innocent ones [qualifier]. So, the new technologies have made it easier to let only culprit sentenced to the death penalty. On the other hand, the prisoner for the lifetime can escape from the prison and can commence committing crime. Therefore, in order to eradicate the criminal mind, the criminal must be subjected to death. The criminal always remain the criminal minded that is why it is important to nip the bud out by killing the criminal.
In conclusion, it is significant for a society to support the acts which distinct the evil from good, and capital punishment is such act.
Andre. C & Velasquez. M. Capital Punishment: Our Duty or Our Doom? Markkula Center for Applied Ethics. Retrieved from http://www.scu.edu/ethics/publications/iie/v1n3/capital.html on 2nd March 2015.
Bissell, K. L. (2014). Is Capital Punishment Justly Administered? Digital Commons. Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.georgiasouthern.edu/gurc/2014/2014/75/ on 2nd March 2015.
Muhlhausen. D. B (2007). The Death Penalty Deters Crime and Saves Lives. The Heritage Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.heritage.org/research/testimony/the-death-penalty-deters-crime-and-saves-lives on 2nd March 2015.
Phillips. K (2011). Death and Taxes: The Real Cost of the Death Penalty. Forbes. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/kellyphillipserb/2015/03/02/tigta-on-lerner-emails-potential-criminal-activity/ on 2nd March 2015.
Roman-Santos, C. (2010). Concerns Associated with Expanding DNA Databases. Hastings Sci. & Tech. LJ, 2, 267. Retrieved from http://hstlj.org/articles/concerns-associated-with-expanding-dna-databases/ on 2nd March 2015.
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