Free Homosexuality Essay Sample
Undeniably, homosexuality has become one of the hot topics that are being debated on. Many religious leaders, nations and other related groups have come together to discuss home sexuality as a vice in the society. Additionally, homosexuality has been the cause of many conflicts among religions, organization and nations in the modern society. The conflict could possibly be emerging because of different views on the subject. There are certain groups that support homosexuality, while there are other groups that are against it, and are also harsh towards the supporter of homosexuality. Many people who oppose homosexuality are usually religious leaders, scientists and philosophers. As a matter of facts, there are several theories that claim that homosexual people influence the people around them to be like them. However, many homosexuals believe that they were born that way and that God is responsible for the way they are; because God is the one who created them to be homosexuals. Nonetheless, the Bible condemns homosexuality and talks of it as an evil that will be punished by God. Christians see homosexuality as one of the highly rated immoralities that are not acceptable in the society.
Homosexuality is considered to be the sexual desire or even behavior that is portrayed by a person towards a person of the same sex. The name homosexuality was coined by a German psychologist in the 19th century named Karoly Maria Benkert. Those who champion this act considers it as a sexual orientation. Homosexuality is believed to be caused by a number of factors that results to social, medical and religious effects on those who practice it. Before the High Middle Ages, homosexual doings seem to have been stomached or unnoticed by the Christian church all over Europe. (Socarides, 2010). The paper shall chiefly analyze the history of homosexuality and the theories formulated by philosophers about the act. The paper will also evaluate the religion perspective about homosexuality as well as the diseases attributed to these acts.
In religion, references to what nature provides forms a platform for debates about whether homosexuality is right or not. The Bible, for instance, condemns the practice of sexuality with several verses such as the book of Leviticus, Romans as well Corinthians. The emergence of gay liberation movement in the Western world shows the latest developments of the social changes. (Connors, 2008). It is questionable whether homosexuality and other sexual orientations such as heterosexuality and bisexuality are driven by biological aspects or are just socially developed.
Greek artwork, as well as vases forms the basis of sexuality whereby dialogues of Plato are documented revealing the history of the act. In Elis and Boiotia, homosexuality was celebrated but this was not the case in Ionia .Assumptions meant to show that homosexuality is due to forces of nature states that people can be erotically provoked by beauty in either sex .Alexander the Great and the founder of, Zeno of Citium, were examples of great people who were interested in young men and boys. (West, 2011). What gender one is attracted to is normally associated with preference in the expense of moral issue.
In the past, moderation was a key element that one had to consider even if one was attracted to a member of the opposite sex. Status concerns of individuals were highly esteemed. The central dissimilarity in antique Greek sexual relations was amongst taking an active role, versus an inactive or penetrated one. The passive role was tolerable only for inferiors, such as slaves, women, or male youths who had not attained citizenship. Hence the cultural model of a same-sex association was between an older man, referred to as the Erastes, and a boy who had not yet grown beard referred to as the Eromenas In this relationship there was engagement ritual, involving presents, and other customs. The Erastes had to demonstrate that he had principled interests in the boy, rather than only sexual apprehension.
Ancient Rome had several matches in its appreciation of same-sex attraction, and sexual topics more commonly to ancient Greece. This is exclusively true under the State but under the Realm, Roman culture slowly developed more negative in its assessments towards sexuality as a result of economic and social mayhem before Christianity had became dominant. Clearly the upsurge in the reputation of medicine resulted from the aggregate ability of science to reason for natural spectacles on the basis of systematic interconnection. The use of this viewing platform to humans directed two versions of sexuality as inborn or biologically driven, (West, 2011).
In the 20th era sexual roles were given new definitions once again. For a diversity of reasons, premarital intercourse gradually became more mutual and eventually tolerable. With the deterioration of bans against sex for desire, even outside of marriage, it developed more difficult to debate against gay sex. These drifts were especially robust in the 1960's, and it was in this framework that the gay liberty movement came into existence. Broader flows in humanity have swayed the ways in which researchers and activists have loomed research into sexuality in addition to same-sex desirability. In the early 20th century, some researchers as well as parity advocates, seeking to justify same-sex associations in cultures that ridiculed and outlawed it, put forward lists of well-known ancient figures attracted to individuals of the same gender. (Socarides, 2010). Such lists revealed a common ancient unit basic sexual attraction, whether one would refer to it as homosexuality or sexual orientation.
Today natural law model offers the most shared intellectual protection for disparity handling of gays and lesbians, and as such it attracts attention. The most significant design of natural law theory was formulated in the thirteenth century by Thomas Aquinas. Mixing an Aristotelian methodology with Christian theology, Aquinas highlighted the significance of certain human goods that involved marriage and reproduction. Aquinas did not inscribe much about same-sex erotic relations, but he wrote at length about numerous sex performances as sins. Philosophers assert that sex actions that include either heterosexual sodomy, homosexuality, or which use contraception, irritate the role of the sex organs, which is procreation. Today, natural law theory has made important concerns to mainstream large thought, In contrast to its primitive formulation, most modern natural law thinkers argue for limited administrative power, and do not trust that the government has a concern in trying to prevent all moral misconduct. (Connors, 2008).
With the escalation of the gay liberation crusade in the post-Stonewall age, obviously gay and lesbian viewpoints began to be put forward in philosophy, politics, and literary theory. The discussions about homosexuality, in part, have a habit of being sharply differentiated because they often include public strategy and legal matters. Those most anxious with homosexuality are also the most involved with natural law thinkers in argument for gays and lesbians having a condensed legal status, and unexpected theorists involved in criticism of what they see as a heterosexist system. As the current movements and campaigns clearly shows, the strategy and legal discussions surrounding homosexuality contain fundamental subjects of morals and justice. Conceivably they cut across the spheres of issues that entail personal individuality and self-definition (Ojeda, 2004).
Therefore, there is another great set of explanations for the division that marks these arguments. There are some philosophers for example, Michael Sandel, who takes an Aristotelian methodology from which he claims that gay and lesbian relations can recognize the same things that heterosexual associations do. Several psychologists and psychiatrist continue to hold negative individual attitudes on the concept of Homosexuality. Nevertheless, experimental evidence as well as specialized norms does not support the notion that homosexuality is a form of psychological illness or is characteristically linked to psychopathology.
Homosexuality has been attributed with various diseases that involve HIV/AIDS. An assessment of the account of homosexuality and Aids, shows the original spread of this disease is commonly attributed to the above-mentioned promiscuity of homosexual men. A research conducted in 2002 by The American Association of Family Physicians reveals that homosexual men have a high chance of gonococcal infection compared to those who have sex with females. Another research by the same association discloses that men who engage in sex with other men have a higher chance of contracting hepatitis A as well as Hepatitis B (Ojeda, 2004).
Though the opinion of the society is usually very important and in most cases right, many homosexuals have refused to reform. It is not solely their fault or their wish that they are the way they are. Some of them are the way they are because of poor parenting, low self-esteem, peer pressure and lack of proper guidance and counseling. It is also important for the society to support people who are gay, and not judge them. Proper support, care, and love may make them reform and become straight, However, constant ridicules, discrimination and judgments, pushes them away; thus making them hate being straight.
In conclusion, the paper has analyzed the history of homosexuality and the theories formulated by philosophers about the act. The paper has also evaluated the religion perspective about homosexuality, as well as, the diseases attributed to these acts.
Connors, P. G. (2008). Homosexuality. Detroit: Greenhaven Press
Socarides, C. W. (2010). Homosexuality. New York: J. Aronson
Ojeda, A. (2004). Homosexuality. San Diego: Greenhaven Press.
West, D. J. (2011). Homosexuality. Chicago: Aldine Pub. Co