Reversal Of Type II Diabetes Through A Vegetarian Diet: A Systematic Review Research Proposals Examples
Type of paper: Research Proposal
Topic: Study, Evidence, Vegetarianism, Vegetarian, Diet, Reversal, Risk, Diabetes
What current evidence is there which has relevance to this idea or question?
Compared to other areas of research in the field of medicine and nutrition, the area that is trying to be answered by this study is one that has received a fair level of attention from the academic community. Searching through reputable academic journal databases about the topic of the reversal of the signs and symptoms of Type II DM through a vegetarian diet, would, for example, lead to a yield of several hundreds of results. A quick look into the EbsCoHost premium academic journal database, for example, using the keyword phrase “vegetarian AND diabetes” (note how the Boolean strategy of looking for evidence was used and inserted in the keyword phrase) led to roughly 39,300 hits. This means that there is a pool of evidence, in this database alone, that can be used to dig deeper into the research problem, gather inferences, and even obtain the necessary studies that can be appraised later on and be used in the systematic review.
If you have come across any problems in finding relevant evidence, what were these problems?
One thing that can be easily noticed about the current evidence about the current research question is that there were very few studies that talked about the actual reversal of the signs and symptoms of Type II Diabetes Mellitus and the role that the subject’s participation in a vegetarian diet played in such phenomenon. Majority of the researches and evidences that can be found about the research question talks about the risk factor of developing DM (i.e. both Type I and Type II) and the role of participating in a vegetarian diet played in it. There is a significant difference between using the risk factor of developing a certain medical condition and using the reversal of such symptoms as research variables. In the former, there is the underlying assumption that the subjects that would be recruited in the study are still not officially diagnosed with any form of metabolic disorder (i.e. DM); in the latter, there is the underlying assumption that the subjects already have the condition.
If it has been investigated before, what new aspects could your research achieve, which have been highlighted in the current published material?
The first few samples of research studies that have been reviewed feature a similar theoretical framework. However, one key difference noted between those studies and the current one that we are planning is that this will be a systematic review.
Systematic Review on the Reversal of Type II Diabetes through a Vegetarian Diet
According to the hierarchy of evidences, systematic reviews offer the highest level of evidence followed by randomized controlled trials and other experimental studies, with case studies and case reports in the bottom of the hierarchy. Also, the current research addresses what the earlier published researches did not address—the actual reversal of the signs and symptoms of the Type II DM as a result of the participation in a vegetarian diet and not just the risk factors which is what most previously published researches focused on.
Systematic Reviews make use of the available research evidences about a certain topic (i.e. reversal of Type II DM through a vegetarian diet) by compiling the results and findings of individual researches, and determining whether they all say to the same thing about the issue being discussed or if the findings are mixed. If two sources will be used in the review, for example, and if the two sources suggest the same thing, then the findings in the systematic review can be conclusive because all studies reviewed thus far point to the same thing; whereas if one evidence leads to one conclusion and the other leads to a different conclusion, then the results can be mixed. Also, systematic reviews often use a large pool of researches for compilation and data analysis.
When it comes to finding the relevant studies that will be used in the systematic review, general and narrowed down keyword phrases must be used. There are different ways how to narrow down the search for literature: examples include filtering the results using the date of publication modifier, and viewing the hits based on the database collection that they have obtained from. Nonetheless, the quick search that was conducted only shows that the current evidence and studies about the current research question is highly abundant.