Free Police Effectiveness And Community Policing Argumentative Essay Example
Santos (2014) asserts that community policing is a philosophy to promote organizational strategies that support systematic problem-solving methodologies to address the public safety issues in the society. An evaluation of community policy programs illustrates that the methods fail to reduce crime effectively. The police capacity, to control crime according to Lambert et al. (2014), has a limited scope for the police to catch more offenders that deter people from crime directly. Civilian administrators claim that the new policing strategies, objectives, and ways of assessment as they depict police work as a service-based endeavor other than crime control. Lambert et al. (2014) argue that strategies fail to show a positive impact as they appeared imprecise and misdirected. Other researchers agree with the author since they cite that the focus on service-based is short-term straightforward measure that neglect subtle, long-term effects. The study on police effectiveness tends to concentrate on the traditional methods applied by the police departments in the past years. During that time, the police sought to exert direct influence on crime by deterring potential offenders, provision of crime prevention assistance, apprehending criminals and the assertion of police authority in the community. The strategies to achieve the objective vary from one community to another. Most of the police departments maintain a rapid response system of patrol officer to offer specialist investigation together with foot patrol, preventive mobile, small crime prevention, and other specialist sections. Patrol officers have the responsibility of responding to citizen calls, undertake preventive patrol, assert public police presence, as well as carry out investigation of the reported offenses. The work of the research branch is to investigate complex crimes, begin surveillance, and other covert operations while the patrol officers investigate the less severe offenses. The standard model of policing entails enforcing the law while using police resources. Some of the strategies include rapid response, random patrols, adding the number of police officers, as well as reactive arrest policy. A crime analysis can assess the number of officers needed for optimum performance. A short-term operational analysis supports a professional policing model.
Lambert, E., Wu, Y., Jiang, S., Jaishankar, K., Pasupuleti, S., Bhimarasetty, J., & Smith, B. (2014). Support for community policing in India and the US: an exploratory study among college students. Policing, 37(1), 3-29.
Santos, R. B. (2014). The Effectiveness of Crime Analysis for Crime Reduction: Cure or Diagnosis?. Journal Of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 30(2), 147-168.