Abraham Lincoln Life Research Papers Examples
Question: How Abraham Lincoln was able to overcome the slave system, at what price he was given this achievement and what role it played in American and world history?
Thesis: Lincoln believed, that slavery is an evil, unavoidable in the South of the country's existing economic conditions. The question of slavery he referred to the competence of the state and believed that the government has no constitutional right to interfere in this area.. Achieving price was given to Lincoln Civil War. It once and for all put an end to the system of slavery in America. But at the same time gave rise to many problems: interracial conflicts and inability to yesterday's slaves and their owners to live in the same area.
At the beginning of the second half of the XIX century from 19-million population of America, as many as four million were slaves. At this time, in 1860, the 16th president becomes a national hero and liberator of America American slaves Abraham Lincoln. With his coming to power of the era of change. At this time, the peak voltage suitable relationship between the northern and southern states, which resulted in a four-year civil war (1861-1865). The reason was the different ways of development of the regions. Virtually every state conducted an independent policy. North took the path of capitalism, but the South remained in the way of slavery and the agrarian economy.
North US sought to come the majority of immigrants and entrepreneurs, as there have focused most of mills and factories. South also received a huge free territory after the Mexican-American War, with a favorable climate for agriculture, which required a free labor force. It is worth noting that the original purpose of the war was not the abolition of slavery, and the restoration of the union of all the states. But by the end of the war, Lincoln realizes that without the abolition of slavery, it is impossible. And it should be done not gradually, but radical methods.
Preparing for the abolition of the implemented throughout 1862. December 30, 1862, the president signed "Emancipation Proclamation”. The document gave impetus to the adoption of Amendment XIII (1865) to the US Constitution. Proclamation been rightly criticized by radical Republicans, since the emancipation of slaves was carried out where it is not distributed power of the federal government, but it has changed the nature of the Civil War, turning it into a war for the abolition of slavery. In addition, it has forced foreign countries, including the UK, do not support the Confederacy. British Prime Minister could not organize intervention because of the resistance of the public. Emancipation of slaves allowed to recruit African Americans in the army. By the end of the war in federal troops there were 180,000 blacks (Hanchett 76).
In May 1863 130-strong army of the Union was defeated by 60 thousandth army of General Lee. Northerners retreated, and the Confederates, beating Washington to the north, came to Pennsylvania. In this situation, the importance of the outcome of the acquired three-day battle at Gettysburg, during which killed more than 50,000 people. Lee army defeated and retreated to Virginia. July 4 on the Western Front after many days of siege and two unsuccessful assaults General Grant captured Vicksburg fortress. July 8 was taken in Port Hudson, Louisiana. Thus was established control over the valley of the Mississippi River, and the Confederation split into two parts. November 19, 1863 The opening ceremony of the Gettysburg National Cemetery, where the dead were buried by the participants of the battle. During the opening of the Lincoln Memorial gave one of his most famous speeches, once again confirmed his outstanding oratorical talent. (Rife & Smith 57). December 1863, Lincoln promised amnesty to all rebels, provided take the oath of allegiance to the United States and the adoption of the abolition of slavery. The year ended with a victory at Chattanooga.
Conclusion: Lincoln was a man who led the country from severe crisis, rallying supporters of the country's unity and destruction slavery. Only by maintaining a single state, the United States could subsequently be the leading world power. Assessing the merits of Lincoln, the great Russian writer Leo Tolstoy said: "It was what Beethoven was in music, in poetry of Dante, Raphael in painting, Christ in the philosophy of life" (Freedman, “Lincoln: A Photobiography”).
Rife, Douglas M, and Bron Smith. Gettysburg Address. Carthage, IL: Teaching & Learning, 1997. Print.
Daugherty, James, G S. Boritt, and Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln's Gettysburg Address: A Pictorial Interpretation Painted by James Daugherty. Chicago: Albert Whitman & Co, 2013. Print.
Freedman, Russell. Lincoln: A Photobiography. New York: Clarion Books, 1987. Print.
McPherson, James. Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print.
Carwardine, Richard. Lincoln: A Life of Purpose and Power. New York: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 2007. Print.
Hanchett, William. The Lincoln Murder Conspiracies. Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1989. Print.
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