Critical Thinking On Namespring 2015assignment #3
Type of paper: Critical Thinking
Topic: Ethics, Art, Beauty, Enlightenment, Judgment, Belief, Hume, Reason
David Hume in his essay examines the relativity of taste. He looks at the perception of a good or bad work of art. He does this by examining the perceiver of the material and does not focus on the material being examined. He does this because, in his argument, it is hard to find a standard of tastes, since there’s ‘a wide gap between judgment and sentiment.’ He is motivated by the role that moral has to play in an individual’s appreciation of art.
Hume argues that appreciation of art stems from sentiment that stems from one’s moral perspective, and critical judgment that can be acquired and learnt.
Hume proposes that thoughts do not inform on the beauty or ugliness of an object,but feeling does. Neither do thoughts judge whether an action is good or bad: “The very feeling constitutes our praise or admiration.”He argues that for one to recognize beauty and virtue, they must be sentimental. He gives two ways of appreciation; through self-interest and a general point of view. For this reason, Humes holds the position that aesthetics cannot be truth-valued. Unlike Humes, Kant recognizes the role played by both the cognitive and intuitive human nature in the judgment of art. He gives four possible ways of judging beauty which are cognitive and intuitive.
Even though, it plays a critical role in the judgment of beauty and virtue, sentiments alone cannot adequately inform. Reason has to be applied. Sentiments need to be applied to reason in critique of actions and art. Even though, aesthetics cannot be truth-valued, the principles are intertwined in the judgment of aesthetics.
Kant, Emmanuel. Judgments about the beautiful. Prentice Hall Inc. (1997).
Hume, David. Of the Standard of Taste. Dissertation.