Triz Has Developed The Following Methods Of Limiting The Search Field Solutions. Essays Example
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TRIZ - Theory of Inventive Problem Solving was declared by the author G.S. Altshuller as an alternative to a large and inefficient methods of activation of sorting options, allows you to "turn the process of Inventive Problem Solving an exact science." What actually is TRIZ? What are the real opportunities and prospects?
TRIZ is a set of methods, united by a common theory. TRIZ helps to organize thinking inventor finding inventive idea and makes the search more focused, productive, promotes the idea of finding a higher level. TRIZ inventive as the focus for the first time was to study and use in invention laws of development of technical systems.
Determination of the ideal final result (IFR) greatly reduces the number of possible options, cutting off all solutions low levels.
Determination of physical contradiction (AF) is continuing the process of narrowing the search field, leaving (with proper formulation AF) one solution (although not always explicitly). AF can be overcome division conflicting requirements in the (part of the object is moving, stationary part) or in time (the object is moving, it is not moving). In the process of overcoming the physical contradiction is a change, the development of concepts.
System analysis to determine the amount of change - whether it is necessary to change the super-system, system, object, part of the object.
Su-field analysis helps to eliminate the detected AF, showing that for this to be done: enter a substance to enter the field, enter the conversion fields, etc. In solving problems, the terms of which do not indicate a prototype, su-field analysis allows you to enter the missing objects and build from them the desired system.
So, let's imagine that we are faced with the following problem. It is necessary to create a sales department for a company that sells electrical products European manufacturer, designed for use in networks of low and medium voltage. We must consider building a system of sales, develop a system of motivation of sellers who will work in a highly competitive environment. It is necessary to provide psychological comfort and seller.
Of course, when you create a sales team should always keep in focus the fundamental goal - the sales department to work efficiently. Therefore, all our steps to create sales must comply with this, the main goal.
For ease of understanding the tasks to be carried out, using the tools of TRIZ. The fundamental objective is located on the main axis, and the problem to be solved to achieve the goal - the title of the lateral branches. Thus, one can say that there is the problem of the first order, which consists of a series of subtasks. Subtask - a problem of the second order, which in turn are composed of a third-order tasks This structure can build up to the fifth, sixth, and tenth order even. Externally, it will resemble a huge tree.
Making tree is necessary to classify the problem of second order:
1. Structural problems. This class includes the following tasks: understanding the mission, values and vision of the company and their correlation with work processes, understanding of global and strategic objectives of the company and their relationship with the objectives of employee understanding of tactical problems and their relation to global challenges, understanding the structure of the company, the functional units circuits and the interaction between them.
2. Personality tasks. This class can be attributed the problem of formation of competencies and building effective communications within the company, with colleagues and externally - with customers.
3. Management tasks. This class includes the most difficult task - the task of designing incentive schemes, the most challenging everyone to the efficient operation of the company.
There are occasions when the solution of the third order can immediately solve several problems of the second order, and sometimes the main task.
Summarizing, we can say the following. TRIZ tools described in this article allow a systematic approach to the management of the sales department and find a low cost solution for many problems. At the same time, they are cheap in their use. There is no need to invest hundreds of thousands of rubles to computer programs that perform similar functions. At least until the company has grown to a multinational corporation.
Rantanen, K. & Domb, E. (2008). Simplified TRIZ: New Problem Solving Applications for Engineers and Manufacturing Professionals. Boca Raton: Auerbach Publications.
Savransky, S.(2000). Engineering of Creativity: Introduction to TRIZ. Boca Raton: CRC Press LLC.
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