Common Sense By Thomas Paine Critical Thinking
The first part of the book deals the Design of the government and the Constitution of Britain. The author claims that society is better than governments because society arises from wants while governments are a product of wickedness. Governments, therefore, lead to negativity as it regulates human vices.
The book advocates for the creation of simple and absolute governments. The Constitution of Britain creates absurdity and complications that are unnecessary. Under the government that has three arms, it becomes difficult to identify where a problem emanates. It is therefore not easy to design a remedy for a problem that arises from governance. The commons can blame the king and vice versa.
The fact that the commons and the king perform a watchdog role over each other is absurd. The governments of checks means that the king is not trusted with power. It also alludes to incompetence of the king or of the commons.
The second part of the book decries the creation of the monarchy and succession issues that surround it. The author claims that the distinction of human beings into kings and subjects lacks the underpinnings of either nature or religion.
Human beings were distinguished by nature as either male or female. Religion distinguished people as either good or bad. The distinction into kings and subjects is, therefore, bad. The author claims that it is impossible for a person to give power to another person and their children together with other generations to come. It is not possible for a person and his children to be kings forever while other people and their children remain subjects forever.
The third part of the book is based on American affairs and her association with Britain. The author argues that the success of America has no relationship with its connection to Britain. The united stets would have flourished even more if she did not have contact with Britain.
The United States protected Britain from her enemies due to interest of the United States. The United States was only safeguarding its interests. The people of Great Britain should, therefore, drop the superstition in their minds.
Hames, T& Leonard, M in Modernizing the Monarchy are of the opinion that the monarchy should be modernized so that it is in sync with the will and the aspirations of the people. The monarchy should not get authority from parliament or the constitution of Britain from the people. This is essentially the idea that is propagated by Thomas in his book common sense but in a different language. Thomas claims that it is the power of the people that makes the king a good leaders and not the Constitution. Currently the role performed by the monarchy has changed and it must also change the way it operates in order to enjoy the support of the people. This book proposes that it should be brought closer to the people and not far as it has been before.
The book is an illuminating document as regards the creation of monarchs and why they should be removed from the Constitution of Britain. The creation of monarchy technically eliminates some people from leadership yet they could become better leaders. The Monarch systems in Britain create a kind of head hunting methodology of selecting leaders which is not good for governance. Equality in political matters should be embraced to ensure better governance.
Hames, T& Leonard, M Modernising the Monarchy, 1988, Retrieved on 26th February 2015, Retrieved from http://www.demos.co.uk/files/modernisingthemonarchy.pdf