Biography On User (First Name Last Name)

Type of paper: Biography

Topic: Adolf Hitler, War, Party, Germany, Armed Forces, Education, Army, Life

Pages: 7

Words: 1925

Published: 2020/11/14

PURPOSE STATEMENT

I am planning to write the biography of Adolf Hitler (20/04/1889–30/04/1945). The Leader (Fuhrer) of German National-Socialist Workers’ Party since July 20, 1921; Reich Chancellor of National-Socialist Germany since January 31, 1933; Fuhrer and Reich Chancellor of Germany since August 2, 1932; the Commander-in-Chief of German Armed Forces during World War II, principal war criminal.

The Life and Political Career of Adolf (Schicklgruber) Hitler

I. Early life
II. Early career
III. The Leader (Fuhrer) of German National-Socialist Workers” Party
IV. Chancellor of Germany. Reich Chancellor of German National-Socialist Party
V. Commander in Chief of German Armed Forces during World War II
VI. Defeat. Principal War Criminal’s Death.

Early life

Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in Braunau, a small Austrian town not far from the German border. Hitler’s father, Alois Hitler, was coming from poor peasant’s family, and was born as illegitimate son of a housemaid; he became ambitious and intelligent senior customs officer in Lower Austria, when Adolf was born. Hitler’s mother, Anna Glasi, the adopted daughter of a customs collector, was in her fifties when Alois married her in 1873; that was his second marriage. “It is unlikely to have been a love-match. The marriage to a woman fourteen years older than him, had almost certainly a material motive, since Anna was relatively well off, and in addition had connections within the civil service.”
(Ian Kershaw, “Hitler 1889-1936”).
Alois was domineering and authoritarian husband; and could be rude, aggressive father as well. “Hitler’s father was a short-tempered old man, grown prematurely inactive. He had fought a bitter struggle with life, had made the hardest sacrifices, and in the end things had not gone according to his will”, (Konrad Heiden. Der Fuehrer: Hitler's Rise To Power).
When Adolf was in a primary school, he had demonstrated excellent academic talent. His mother, rather religious women, was dreaming about her son’s bright studying at the monastery school at Lambach and further clergyman’s career, but Adolf was expelled from the monastery school after a minor offence of discipline (smoking at the premises). Hitler went to secondary school on September 17, 1900. His academic success here was moderate and the competition was tight, so Adolf turned his back to the studies and to the pupils, when he became aware he would never become a star, or the collective’s leader. Instead, he adored shooting rats with his pneumatic gun.
Another keen interest in school years was art, where Adolf tried to express himself; unlike in academic records of that time. In 1905, his school card reported scores in German, geometry and physics as “good”; while in history and geography he performed only “satisfactory”, but his hand drawings were really “excellent”.
Adolf Hitler returned to Vienna. He visited that marvelous city before in 1906. By that time both his parents died. In the fall of 1908 Hitler applied to be admitted to the Academy of Art. It was another blow, he failed. His life was becoming really gloomy and depressing, when he became homeless. During summer he lived on the street in 1909. In his book “Mein Kampf” he admitted that those several years were the worst.
II. Early Career
It was there, in Vienna, where Hitler became really keen on politics. He became the partisan of Karl Luegar, who was the city mayor and the Chairman of Christian Social Party. Later on, in his book Hitler wrote:
“Dr. Karl Lueger and the Christian Social Party. When I arrived in Vienna, I was hostile to both of them. The man and the movement seemed reactionary in my eyes. My common sense of justice, however, forced me to change this judgment in proportion as I had occasion to become acquainted with the man and his work; and slowly my fair judgment turned to unconcealed admiration For a few hellers I bought the first anti-Semitic pamphlets of my life Wherever I went, I began to see Jews, and the more I saw, the more sharply they became distinguished in my eyes from the rest of humanity. Particularly the Inner City and the districts north of the Danube Canal swarmed with a people which even outwardly had lost all resemblance to Germans. And whatever doubts I may still have nourished were finally dispelled by the attitude of a portion of the Jews themselves.” (Adolf Hitler. “Mein Kampf”.
At the same Hitler became hostile to the Social Democratic Workers’ Party (SDAP) and the trade unionism, since they were opposing Luger’s Christian Social Party, and gathered huge street demonstrations in Vienna. Meanwhile Hitler was learning his first lessons as would-be politician from the SDAP.
The WWI that began in 1914 enabled Hitler to test himself as a politician, which supported the idea of Germany’s supremacy over the rest of European nations. Hitler disliked Austria and volunteered to the Armed Forces of Germany. Hence, he became a private of the First Company of the Sixteenth Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment. There he met Rudolf Hess and Max Amman, his future comrades-in-arm in the Third Reich. They survived the Battle of Ypres, where their 3,600 men strong regiment had lost almost 3,000 men. There the future commander- in-chief had been promoted to a lance-corporal’s rank. He was triumphant and excited about fighting a war. He was wounded twice, decorated with “Cross of Iron” I, II degrees. After the armistice Hitler was back to Munich, where he had been already before; and became organic to the intelligence squad of the army regiment. His duty was to monitor the political parties that went forth and multiplied in post-war Munich. Adolf Hitler became number 55 of the German Workers’ Party; and later he advanced to number 7, and became the member of the Executive Committee. Two years after he changed the party’s name to Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, NSDАP, i.e. National-Socialist Workers’ Party of Germany, and guided it to extreme racism, anti-Semitism and hatred to any liberal democracy policy. In a few years he became the Leader (Fuhrer) of NSDАP. The deeper Germany was plunging into economic recession and the higher inflation was soaring, the more support Hitler’s Nazi party was gaining from all strata of German society. The NSDAP was supported by some 55,000 party members and by much more ordinary people by 1923.
III. The Leader (Fuhrer) of German National-Socialist Workers’ Party
After Hitler became the Fuhrer of NSDAP, he decided in 1923 that he was ready implement his commitment to “march on Berlin” “to overthrow jewish and Marxist traitors”. That year on November 8, Hitler attempted the so-called “Bürgerbräukeller Putsch” (Nazi Beer Hall Putsch) to make the government of Bavaria’s Land to cooperate with the Nazis; and to march on Berlin together. The Putsch failed, Hitler had been indicted with treason, but he received pretty symbolic sentence.
Already in prison he wrote his “prophesy book” “Mein Kamf”, (originally “Four Years of Struggle against Lies, Stupidity, and Cowardice”) , where is had put forward his own political and philosophic ideas that would overturn his own life, the life Germany, the European continent with the UK, USA, and whole world in general.
IV. Chancellor of Germany. Reich Chancellor of German National-Socialist Party
After he was released from prison cell in Landsberg Castle in Munich, Hitler radically updates the NSDAP and his close circle of top party members. It took him several years to win the elections, and he reached the goal in 1933. On January 30 he became the Chancellor and was sworn in to protect the Constitution of Weimar Republic. In 1934 he was officially proclaimed the Fuhrer (Leader) and Chancellor of Germany. He rushed to strengthen his personal power and establish “millenary Reich”—all political parties were prohibited, trade unions dissolved and the whole population of Germany was enveloped by the Nazi’s controlled unions, societies and groups. In 1934 Fuhrer quickly put an end to the party mutiny, when “old fighters” urged for more radical social reforms, insisted on “the second revolution” and tried to reinstate themselves as the influential decision-makers in the army.
V. Commander in Chief of German Armed Forces during World War II
Thus, after Hitler was blessed by the Reichstag (the Parliament) to become the fully legitimate dictator, he started to get ready for war. Hitler defeated unemployment by launching a large-scale re-armament and autobahn network (motorway) construction programs. He invaded the Rhineland (at that time it was a demilitarized zone, according to the WWI post-war treaties). After that Austria and certain parts of Czechoslovakia (Sudeten) were annexed. The so-called “Munich’s Pact” signed by the West European leaders, made those annexations legitimate. Next was Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact signed with the Soviet Union in August of 1939; and the Treaty with Italy was signed.
On September 1, 1939 Poland had been invaded by Hitler, and the Second World War (WWII) began. In spring of 1940 Denmark and Norway had already surrendered to the forces of Hitler, France was occupied soon after.
After conquering most of the Western Europe quite easily, Hitler attacked the Soviet Union, his ally as of 1939, on June 22, 1941 with Barbarossa Military Operation. And, thus Fuhrer committed his fatal mistake; it was the beginning of the end of himself and Germany as a state. Fuhrer was about to hold the military parade in Moscow in December 1941, but Russian frosty winter and unprecedented courage of the Red Army broke that ambitious military operation to pieces. In winter of 1943 the Stalingrad battle became the point of no return for Hitler and his military machine. A while after that tremendous defeat in the frosty and snowy fields, the Red Army started its offensive back to the West, aiming to seize Berlin, the capital of “millennial” Reich.
VI. Defeat. Principal War Criminal’s Death.
In summer of 1944 Adolf Hitler survived in the attempted assassination. The destiny was merciful the very last time to him. A powerful bomb exploded near to him under the long and heavy table made of oak tree, the latter became like a shield; and Hitler escaped unscathed the explosion wave.
On April 30, 1945, when the Red Army and the Allies were encircling Berlin Adolf Hitler and his girlfriend, whom he married several hours before, committed suicide at the underground bunker of Fuhrer.
It’s difficult to make judgments on case like that of Adolf Hitler. You never know for sure, what were objective and subjective causes of such pathology that Adolf Hitler was bearing inside, but it had been producing the devastating affects for many hundreds of miles around him. But the results of that diagnosis are terrifying—millions dead, many countries ruined to the ground, Germany was torn in to pieces, heavy reparation levied again like after WWI. Meanwhile, looking around the map of the world today, one can clearly see that very few lessons had been learned from the biography of Adolf Hitler.

Works Cited

Bullock, Alan. “A Study in Tyranny”. (1962)
February 15, 2015 http://spartacus-educational.com/HISbullock.htm.
Heiden, Konrad. “Der Fuehrer: Hitler's Rise to Power”. 1944. February 15, 2015 http://spartacus-educational.com/Konrad_Heiden.htm.
Hitler, Adolf. . “Mein Kampf”. 1925.
February 15, 2015 http://spartacus-educational.com/GERmein.htm.
Kershaw, Ian. “Hitler 1889-1936”. 1998.
February 15, 2015 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ian_Kershaw>.
Olden, Rudolf. “Hitler the Pawn”.1936
Simkin, John. February 15, 2015 <https://plus.google.com/+JohnSimkin/posts>.

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