Free Research Paper About Qualitative
Summary of the Reading
The reading focuses on discourses of health research as a library-based methodological approach to data interpretation; the first section of the reading explicates how varying perspectives among researchers have a significant impact on the research for instance: The interpretation of the data as well as its observation. On the other hand, the article explores how gender may influence health researches for example the presumptions made by female researchers that power relations tend to favor men, thus any textual research should focus on a discourse of inequality between men and women. In addition, the focus of discourse analysis is elaborated in the reading, indicating that such analyses regard documents as texts, focusing mainly on their theoretical perspectives.
On the other hand, the article informs the reader on the importance and meaning of health discourses indicating that they are basically dialogues where meanings are historically and socially produced, transformed and reproduced in the process of interaction. The article also highlights and elaborates examples of discourse analysis in the field of health research i.e. an analysis of the perception of working class women on their men’s perspectives on cervical screening. In this discourse analysis, the conclusion was that working class women believe that their men have regarded cervical screening as sexualized acts.
Consequently, this reading informs the reader of the benefits and limitations of discourse analysis as a library-based methodological approach to data interpretation. One of the benefits of discourse analysis is its capacity to theorize the relationship between environmental, individual subjective views as well as historical social processes. The other benefit is its capacity to enhance insights into fine details regarding interweaving, ideology, power and hegemony. However, the main weakness/limitation of discourse analysis is its lack of identification of women as important and a powerless group. The reading also covers field-based approaches usually conducted through six basic approaches which are: Phenomenology, ethnography, grounded theory, oral biography, case studies and memory work.
‘A Phenomenological Exploration of Childfree Choice in a Simple of Australian Women’
This journal focuses on a field-based methodological approach, performed through a phenomenological study on childless women in Australia. It begins by providing a brief background on the prevalence rate of childfree women in the contemporary society by providing data of previous studies. The journal indicates how the decision to remain childless/childfree conflicts with culture and how it is perceived in the contemporary society. In addition, the journal asserts that adequate research has not been conducted pertaining to consciously childfree women in Australia. As such, the main purpose of this journal is to describe a phenomenological research that was performed in 10 volunteering childfree women through unstructured interviews concerning their choices to remain childfree and associated consequences. The results of this study according to this journal indicated three broad themes: On-going effects of the women’s choices; no-regrets and experiences and processes of making the choices.
‘Masculinity in Young Men’s Health: Exploring Health, Help-Seeking and Health-Service Use in an Online Environment
In this Journal, Williams and Tyler engages in an exploratory study involving twenty eight men trough online focus groups. The purpose of this study is to determine how these men understand health, help seeking and health-service provision through online platforms. The main techniques that were applied in this exploratory study as indicated in the journal are: Foucauldian discourse analyses that were basically applied to determine how the young men perceived health-related services offered through online platforms. These discourses were conceptualized through three major themes: Cover man health versus everyday health; help seeking and associated restrictions that may arise due to issues of masculinity and the utilization of health-care. The results of this study indicate that most young men show interest towards their health and maintain their health issues while also maintaining their masculine identities.
Doyle, J., Pooley, J., & Breen, L. (2012). A Phenomenological Exploration of Childfree Choice in a Simple of Australian Women. Journal of Health Psychology, 18(3), 397-407.
Tyler, R., & Williams, S. (2014). Masculinity in Young Men’s Health: Exploring Health, Help-Seeking and Health-Service Use in an Online Environment’. Journal of Health Psychology, 19(4), 457-470.